Workplace Discrimination: Causes, Effects and Remedies
Discrimination at any work place affects economic sectors of every society, in that no society is immune to discrimination and therefore universal disapproval is important on the same. Workplace discrimination can be based on several factors like caste, creed, religion, gender, race, etc. It often happens that people are treated unfavorably because they belong to a particular group or class. Such type of discrimination is called “harassment”. Workplace discrimination not only hampers the morale and self-confidence of an individual, but also leads to hostile work environment.
2. What is discrimination?
The word ‘discrimination’ is used in many different ways. Sometimes it is used to describe the unequal treatment of people based on their personal characteristics, such as their age, sex, race or disability. Discrimination can also refer to the failure to make reasonable adjustments for people with disabilities– for example, by providing them with ramps or lifts in buildings which are not otherwise accessible to wheelchair users. It can also refer to harassment – for instance, where someone is subjected to offensive comments or jokes because of their personal characteristics.
3. The effects of discrimination in the workplace:
Discrimination in the workplace can have a number of negative effects, both on the individual and on the business as a whole. For the individual, it can lead to feelings of isolation, low self-esteem and even depression. It can also affect their career prospects – if they are consistently passed over for promotion or training opportunities because of their personal characteristics, then this will have a negative impact on their future earnings potential and job security. In addition, it can create a hostile working environment which makes it difficult for people to do their jobs effectively. For businesses, discrimination can lead to high levels of absenteeism and staff turnover as well as claims for compensation from employees who have been affected by it. In extreme cases, it can even result in business closures if the level of staff morale becomes too low or if customers stop using the company’s services because they disapprove of its discriminatory practices.
4. The need for a remedy to discrimination in the workplace:
There are a number of reasons why it is important to have a remedy in place for discrimination in the workplace. Firstly, it is important to protect employees from being treated unfairly because of their personal characteristics. Secondly, it ensures that businesses comply with anti-discrimination laws and avoid any potential legal action against them. Finally, it helps to create a more harmonious working environment where everyone feels valued and respected regardless of their personal circumstances.
5. The different types of remedies to discrimination in the workplace:
There are two main types of remedies which can be used to address discrimination in the workplace: affirmative action and comparable worth. Affirmative action involves taking steps to ensure that people from groups which have been historically disadvantaged (such as women or ethnic minorities) are given preference in recruitment and promotion decisions. Comparable worth meanwhile seeks to address cases where women are paid less than men for doing work of equal value – for instance, by ensuring that they receive equal pay for equal work in terms of hours worked, skills required and so forth. There are also a number of other less common remedies which can be used in specific cases – such as training programmes designed to help managers identify and avoid discriminatory practices, or specialised employment law advice services which can provide guidance on how to deal with discrimination cases.
6. The advantages and disadvantages of each remedy:
Each type of remedy has its own advantages and disadvantages. Affirmative action programmes can be seen as a positive step towards addressing historical inequalities, but they can also be controversial if they are perceived as giving unfair advantage to certain groups. Comparable worth policies meanwhile can help to ensure that women are paid fairly for their work, but some critics argue that they are unnecessary and may lead to men losing out on jobs and promotions. Other remedies such as training programmes and employment law advice services can be effective in tackling discrimination, but they can be costly and may not always be appropriate in every case.
Discrimination in the workplace is a serious issue which can have a negative impact on both individuals and businesses. It is therefore important to have a remedy in place to address it. The two main types of remedies are affirmative action and comparable worth, although there are also a number of other less common ones. Each type of remedy has its own advantages and disadvantages, but the most important thing is to choose the one which is most appropriate for the specific situation.