Women in the French Revolution
The French Revolution was a time of social and political upheaval in France that lasted from 1789 until 1799. It saw the end of the monarchy, the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, and the rise and fall of Napoleon Bonaparte. The Revolution also had a significant impact on the role of women in society. Before the Revolution, women were largely confined to the home and their primary roles were to marry, have children, and run the household. However, during the course of the Revolution, women became more involved in public life and politics. They took part in political demonstrations, fought in battles, and even held positions in government. After the Revolution, the Napoleonic Code codified many of the gains that women had made during the Revolution, but they would not achieve full equality with men until much later.
2. Women in the three estates before the revolution
2.1. Women in the nobility
Women in the nobility were some of the most privileged women in France before the Revolution. They were often well-educated and had a great deal of freedom compared to other women. They could own property, choose their own husbands, and participate in society through things like balls and parties. However, they were still very much second-class citizens when compared to men. They could not vote or hold office, and their husbands had complete control over them. In addition, they were expected to adhere to a strict code of conduct that governed everything from their clothes to their behavior in public.
2. 2. Women in the clergy
Women in the clergy were also relatively priviliged before the Revolution. Like women in the nobility, they were often well-educated and had more freedom than other women. They could also own property and choose their own husbands. However, they were not allowed to participate in society to the same extent as noblewomen. They could not hold office or vote, and their husbands still had complete control over them. In addition, they were expected to live modestly and stay out of public life as much as possible.
2. 3 Women in commoners
Women in the commoners were by far the least privileged group before the Revolution. They did not have any legal rights and their husbands had complete control over them. They could not own property or choose their own husbands. In addition, they were not allowed to participate in public life at all and were expected to stay at home to care for their families. As a result, most commoners women were illiterate and had very little education.
3. The role of women during the revolution
3.1. Women and the storming of the Bastille
One of the most famous events of the Revolution was the storming of the Bastille on July 14, 1789. This event marked the beginning of the end of the monarchy in France. Women played a significant role in this event, as they were some of the most active participants in the attack on the Bastille. In addition, they were also instrumental in spreading news of the event throughout Paris and encouraging more people to join in the fight against the monarchy.
3. 2. Women and the march on Versailles
Another famous event during the Revolution was the march on Versailles on October 5, 1789. This event was significant because it forced King Louis XVI to return to Paris from his palace at Versailles. Women again played a significant role in this event, as they made up a large part of the crowd that marched on Versailles. In addition, they were also responsible for spreadin))