Troy – A Film Analysis

1. Introduction

“Troy” is a 2004 American epic war film directed by Wolfgang Petersen and written by David Benioff. It is loosely based on Homer’s Iliad in its narration of the entire story of the decade-long Trojan War—condensed into little more than a couple of weeks, rather than focusing on only a few months, as does The Iliad—and battle scenes that focus mainly on the exploit of Achilles ( Brad Pitt) during the sack of Troy.
The film also stars Brian Cox as Agamemnon, Eric Bana as Hector, Peter O’Toole as Priam, Sean Bean as Odysseus, Rose Byrne as Briseis, Fiona O’Shaughnessy as Andromache, Tyler Mane as Ajax the Greater, Garrett Hedlund as Patroclus, Saffron Burrows as Helen and Nathan Jones as Boagrius.
“Troy” was released on May 14, 2004 in the United States and grossed over $497 million worldwide.”Troy” received mixed reviews from critics and achieved an 80% “fresh” rating at review aggregator site Rotten Tomatoes.
The movie was nominated for Best Cinematography at the 77th Academy Awards.

2. What is Troy?

Before discussing the film “Troy”, it is important to first have some understanding about what Troy actually was. In short, Troy was a large Bronze Age city located in modern-day Turkey. The city was first settled around 3000 BC and went through a period of decline starting around 1200 BC. By 700 BC, the city was abandoned altogether.
The city is most famous for being at the center of the Trojan War, which was fought between Greece and Troy around 1200 BC. While the historicity of the Trojan War is still debated by scholars, there is no doubt that Troy itself was a real city that existed during the Bronze Age.

3. Troy in the film

The film “Troy” begins with a voice-over narration by narrator Dymas (Brian Cox), who explains that Troy was once a great city located in Asia Minor. The city was ruled by King Priam (Peter O’Toole), who had fifty sons and many daughters. One of Priam’s sons was Hector (Eric Bana), who was considered the greatest warrior in all of Troy.
Another son of Priam was Paris (Orlando Bloom), who was chosen to judge a beauty contest between Aphrodite, Hera and Athena. Aphrodite offered Paris the most beautiful woman in the world if he chose her as the winner, so Paris chose Aphrodite and awarded her the prize. This woman turned out to be Helen (Diane Kruger), who was already married to Menelaus (Brendan Gleeson), the king of Sparta.
Paris abducted Helen and took her back to Troy, which led to Menelaus gathering an army from all over Greece to lay siege to Troy and take Helen back. The Greek army included such famous warriors as Achilles (Brad Pitt), Odysseus (Sean Bean) and Agamemnon (Brian Cox). After ten years of fighting, the Greeks were able to enter Troy by means of a large wooden horse that they left outside the city gates. Once inside, the Greeks began to slaughter the Trojans, and the city was eventually burned to the ground.

4. Transport in the film

The film “Troy” features a number of different modes of transport, both for the Greeks and the Trojans. For the Greeks, we see ships being used to transport soldiers and supplies to Troy. These ships are large and have many oarsmen, as well as a sail that is used when there is wind. We also see the Greek army marching to Troy, which would have taken them several weeks.
The Trojans, on the other hand, mainly use chariots for transport. These chariots are pulled by horses and can move at high speeds. We see them being used in battle, as well as for transporting people around the city of Troy.

5. Wood in the film

Wood is used extensively in the film “Troy”. This is not surprising, as wood would have been one of the most abundant materials available during the Bronze Age. We see wood being used for a variety of purposes, such as building houses, making furniture, constructing ships and building siege engines.
We also see wood being used as fuel for fires. This is significant, as wood would have been the main source of fuel for people living in the Bronze Age. It was only later, during the Iron Age, that people began to use coal and other forms of fuel for fires.

6. Spears in the film

Spears are a very important weapon in the film “Troy”. This is not surprising, as spears would have been one of the most common weapons used during the Bronze Age. Spears were made of wood and metal, and were often fitted with a point or blade at one end.
We see spears being used by both the Greeks and the Trojans in battle. They are used to thrust at enemies, as well as to throw at them. We also see spears being used to kill horses, which would have been a very effective way of disabling an enemy’s chariot.

7. City in the film

The city of Troy is a very important location in the film “Troy”. This is not surprising, as Troy was one of the largest and most important cities of the Bronze Age. The city was located in modern-day Turkey, and was first settled around 3000 BC.
The city was built on a hilltop, which made it very easy to defend against attackers. The walls of Troy were also very thick and strong, which made it even more difficult to breach. Inside the city, there were a number of temples and other public buildings, as well as private homes belonging to wealthy citizens.
The city was also home to a large number of artisans and tradespeople, who would have been responsible for producing many of the goods that were traded throughout the region.

8. Archeptolemus in the film

Archeptolemus is a character who appears briefly in the film “Troy”. He is an Etruscan prince who fights on behalf of the Trojans during the siege of Troy. Archeptolemus is killed by Achilles during the course of battle.

9. Priam in the film

Priam is the king of Troy in the film “Troy”. He is a wise and just ruler, who is loved by his people. Priam is also a brave warrior, who fights alongside his troops during the siege of Troy. He is eventually killed by Achilles, who stabs him through the heart with a spear.

10. Hector in the film

Hector is the eldest son of Priam and the greatest warrior in all of Troy. He is a brave and courageous fighter, who leads the Trojans into battle against the Greeks. Hector is eventually killed by Achilles, who stabs him in the heel, which was his only weak spot.

11. Paris in the film

Paris is the third son of Priam and the prince of Troy. He is a handsome and skilled warrior, who is also an excellent archer. Paris is responsible for abducting Helen from Sparta, which leads to the siege of Troy. He is eventually killed by Menelaus, who stabs him through the heart with a spear.

12. The Trojans in the film

The Trojans are a proud and noble people, who are fiercely defending their city against the Greeks. The Trojans are led by Hector, who is considered to be the greatest warrior in all of Troy. The Trojans are eventually defeated by the Greeks, who destroy their city and kill many of its inhabitants.

13. Conclusion

The film “Troy” is a loose adaptation of Homer’s The Iliad, which is considered to be the oldest and most detailed account of the Trojan War. The film condenses the events of the war into a period of a few weeks, rather than focusing on only a few months, as does The Iliad.
“Troy” is a well-made film that features excellent production values and some very good performances by its cast. However, the film is not without its flaws, and it is not as accurate or faithful to Homer’s original story as it could have been.


There are several differences between Wolfgang Petersen's "Troy" film and Homer's epic poem. One of the most notable is that the film depicts Achilles as being in love with Briseis, whereas in Homer's original work, Achilles only has a platonic relationship with her. Additionally, while Homer's Achilles is motivated primarily by glory, Petersen's Achilles seems to be driven more by personal revenge. Finally, the film condenses much of the action from Homer's original poem, resulting in a shorter overall running time.

The film depicts the relationship between Achilles and Patroclus as being very close and intimate. This is different from Homer's original work, where the two characters are only shown to be friends. Some viewers have interpreted this change as implying that Achilles and Patroclus are lovers, although this is never made explicit in the film itself.

I think Brad Pitt did a great job as Achilles in the film. He brought a lot of charisma and energy to the role, and he looked great in all of his fight scenes.

Overall, I think "Troy" is a pretty faithful adaptation of Homer's original work. It captures the spirit of the source material while still making some changes to fit its own vision.