Thomas Hobbes’ Contribution to the Establishment of Civil Peace

1. Introduction

Thomas Hobbes is one of the most renowned political philosophers of his time. His work Leviathan cemented his name in the Western philosophical tradition. He is credited with many great ideas that have gone on to shape modern political thought. In this paper, I will be discussing Hobbes's contribution to the establishment of civil peace. I will firstly give a brief overview of his life and work. I will then go on to discuss his theory of the state of nature and how it leads to a state of war. Finally, I will discuss Hobbes's contractualism and how it can be used to establish civil peace.

2. Aim of the paper

The aim of this paper is to discuss Hobbes's contribution to the establishment of civil peace. In order to do this, I will firstly provide a brief overview of his life and work. I will then go on to discuss his theory of the state of nature and how it leads to a state of war. Finally, I will discuss Hobbes's contractualism and how it can be used to establish civil peace.

3. Theoretical approach of the paper

This paper will use a combination of analytical and historical methods in order to achieve its aim. The analytical method will be used in order to critically engage with Hobbes's political philosophy. The historical method will be used in order to situate Hobbes's thought within the wider context of his time.

4. Findings of the paper

Thomas Hobbes was born in 1588 in Westport, England. He was educated at Oxford University where he studied classics and mathematics. After graduation, he travelled Europe where he met many influential thinkers including René Descartes and Galileo Galilei. In 1651, he published his most famous work Leviathan which discussed his theories on the state of nature, government and society. Hobbes believed that humans are naturally selfish and egoistic creatures who are constantly in competition with each other. He believed that this competition leads to a state of war which can only be avoided by submitting to the authority of a sovereign power. He also believed that humans enter into contracts with each other in order to establish civil peace. These contracts are based on natural law which is derived from reason. Hobbes was also a devout Christian and an Erastian which means that he believed that the state should have authority over the Church.

5. Conclusion

In conclusion, it is clear that Hobbes made a significant contribution to the establishment of civil peace. His theory of the state of nature highlights the importance of submitting to the authority of a sovereign power in order to avoid a state of war. His contractualism provides a framework for humans to enter into contracts with each other in order to establish civil peace.

FAQ

Thomas Hobbes' key ideas about the establishment of civil peace were that a strong central government was necessary to maintain order and that people should give up some of their freedoms in exchange for protection from chaos.

Hobbes' views on civil peace differed from those of other political thinkers of his time in that he believed that people were naturally selfish and would only cooperate if they thought it was in their best interest. Other political thinkers believed that people were capable of working together for the common good without being coerced by a powerful government.

I think Hobbes' ideas about civil peace are still relevant today because there are many parts of the world where there is no strong central government and people are living in conditions of lawlessness and violence. In these situations, it is often difficult for people to come together and cooperate for the common good, which can lead to further chaos and bloodshed.