The Songs of Les Miserables: A Representation of the Hopes and Dreams of the People Living in France during that Time Period

1. At the End of the Day

The first song of the musical, “At the End of the Day”, immediately introduces the main characters and the plot. The workers of the factory and the students are shown to be united in their desire for a better life. The lyrics also mention some of the historical events that took place in France at that time, such as the storming of the Bastille.

2. I Dreamed a Dream

The second song, “I Dreamed a Dream”, is sung by Fantine, one of the main characters of the musical. In this song, she talks about her hopes and dreams for her daughter, Cosette. However, her dreams are shattered when she is forced to become a prostitute in order to pay for Cosette’s care. Fantine’s story is representative of the plight of many poor people in France at that time.

3. On My Own

The third song, “On My Own”, is sung by Eponine, another main character of the musical. In this song, she talks about her unrequited love for Marius, one of the students. Even though she knows that he will never return her feelings, she still can’t help but hope that he will someday notice her. Eponine’s story is representative of the unfulfilled desires of many people during that time period.

4. Do You Hear the People Sing?

The fourth song, “Do You Hear the People Sing?”, is sung by the workers and students as they start their revolt against the government. In this song, they talk about their hopes for a better future and their desire for freedom and justice. This song is representative of the hope that many people had during that time period.

5. One Day More

The fifth song, “One Day More”, is sung by all of the main characters as they prepare for battle. In this song, they talk about their fears and their determination to fight for what they believe in. This song is representative of the courage and determination of many people during that time period.

6. Empty Chairs at Empty Tables

The sixth and final song of the musical, “Empty Chairs at Empty Tables”, is sung by Marius after most of his friends have died in battle. In this song, he talks about his sorrow and his regrets at not being able to save them. This song is representative of how many people felt after the Revolution had ended and so many lives had been lost needlessly.

The musical “Les Miserables” is full of songs that talk about the hopes and dreams of the people living in France during that time period. These songs are representative of the courage and determination of many people during that time period.


The main themes present in the songs of Les Miserables are hope, love, and sacrifice.

The songs contribute to the overall story by furthering the plot and helping to create the atmosphere of the musical. They also help to develop the characters and their relationships with each other.

The most iconic song from Les Miserables is "I Dreamed a Dream," which is sung by Fantine near the beginning of the musical. This song is iconic because it is incredibly moving and memorable, and it perfectly encapsulates Fantine's journey from hope to despair.

Different characters' songs reflect their individual personalities and journeys by providing insight into their thoughts and emotions. For example, Valjean's songs tend to be about his internal struggles with morality, while Javert's songs highlight his single-minded dedication to justice.

Some of the lyrics from Les Miserables are particularly memorable or moving, such as "Do You Hear the People Sing?" which is an anthem for revolution, or "Empty Chairs at Empty Tables," which is a heartbreaking ballad about loss during wartime.

There are several reoccurring motifs throughout the score of Les Miserables, such as leitmotifs for specific characters or locations (e.g., Valjean's theme) or melodic elements that represent different emotions (e