The Role of Globalization in Democracy and Culture
In his article “Jihad vs. McWorld”, Benjamin Barber argues that globalization is a force that is hindering democracy. He believes that the spread of global culture through media and communications is creating a homogenized world culture which he calls “McWorld”. This culture is in contrast to the cultures of various ethnic and religious groups which he calls “jihad”. While jihad is a term usually associated with Islamic extremism, in this context it refers to any group or culture that is trying to preserve its own unique identity in the face of globalization.
Barber argues that there are two main forces at work in the world today, those being McWorld and Jihad. He believes that McWorld is a force for good as it brings about democracy and support for human rights. However, he also believes that it is a force for evil as it leads to the homogenization of cultures and the destruction of unique identities. Jihad, on the other hand, is a force for bad as it leads to religious extremism, terrorism, and xenophobia. However, it also has the potential to be a force for good as it can preserve cultural traditions and promote democratic values.
The clash between these two forces has led to what Barber calls a “war of ideas”. He believes that this war is being fought between those who believe in the power of global culture to bring about democracy and those who believe in the power of traditional cultures to preserve their own values. There are many examples of this conflict taking place around the world today. In Europe, there has been a rise in anti-immigration sentiment as people are fearful of the impact that globalization will have on their cultures. In the United States, there has been a rise in support for Donald Trump and his anti-globalization rhetoric. And in many parts of the world, there has been an increase in terrorist activity as groups like ISIS try to stop the spread of Western values.
Barber believes that this war of ideas can only be won by those who support democracy. He argues that only democracies have the ability to accommodate both McWorld and Jihad without losing their own unique identities. He also argues that it is only through democracies that we can hope to create a world where all people are treated equally and have the same rights and opportunities.
globalization has been playing an important role It helps promote democracy It plays an important role in maintaining cultural traditions It helps reduce poverty It helps improve education levels globalization has opened up new opportunities for business It helps improve communication and transportation