The Relationship Between Whistleblowing and Critical Thinking

1. Introduction

The purpose of this paper is to explore the connections between whistleblowing and critical thinking. In order to do so, the definitions of both concepts will be analyzed. Based on the results of the analysis, it will be possible to make a conclusion about the relationship between these two concepts.

2. What is whistleblowing?

Whistleblowing is an act of disclosing information about illegal or unethical activities that are occurring within an organization (Friedman, 2015). This information is typically disclosed to people who have the power to take action against the wrongdoing that is taking place. The motivation for disclosing this information is typically to stop the illegal or unethical activity from taking place.

There are many different types of illegal or unethical activities that can be revealed through whistleblowing. Some examples include financial fraud, corruption, health and safety violations, and environmental damage. Whistleblowers often have access to sensitive information about these activities because they are involved in them directly or because they have access to records that document them.

The act of whistleblowing can be risky for whistleblowers because they may face retaliation from the people who are committing the illegal or unethical activities. This retaliation can take many different forms, such as termination from employment, lawsuits, or physical violence. Despite the risks associated with whistleblowing, many people choose to do it because they believe that it is the right thing to do.

3. What is critical thinking?

Critical thinking is a cognitive process that includes the ability to assess information and make judgments based on that information (Paul & Elder, 2016). This process requires people to think reflectively and deeply about a given topic in order to come to a conclusion about it. In order to engage in critical thinking, people must be willing to question their own assumptions and beliefs. They must also be willing to consider different perspectives and look at evidence objectively.

There are many different applications for critical thinking. One example is in academia, where students are required to critically analyze what they are learning in order to write papers or take exams. Another example is in business, where employees need to be able to solve problems efficiently and make decisions that are in the best interests of their company. Critical thinking is also important in everyday life, as it helps people make informed decisions about their health, relationships, and finances.

4. Conclusion

Based on the definitions of "whistleblowing" and "critical thinking", it is possible to make a conclusion that these concepts have similar meanings. Both concepts involve assessing information and making judgments based on that information. The main difference between these concepts is that whistleblowers typically disclose information about illegal or unethical activities while critical thinkers can apply their skills to any topic.


Whistleblowing is the act of disclosing information about wrongdoing within an organization to people who are not part of that organization. People engage in whistleblowing for a variety of reasons, including to expose corruption, fraud, or other illegal or unethical activity; to protect the public from harm; to improve working conditions; and to make organizations more accountable.

Whistleblowing contributes to critical thinking by shining a light on potential problems and forcing organizations to address them. It can also help bring about positive changes in organizational culture and practices.

Some potential risks associated with whistleblowing include retaliation from those who are being exposed, damage to one's reputation or career, and legal action against the whistleblower.

Individuals can protect themselves when engaging in whistleblowing activity by staying anonymous if possible, gathering evidence to support their claims, and seeking legal advice before taking any action.

Organizational strategies for encouraging and protecting whistleblowers include creating policies that prohibit retaliation against whistleblowers, establishing procedures for reporting wrongdoing, and providing training on these policies and procedures.

There is no definitive answer as to when it is appropriate to blow the whistle; each situation must be evaluated on its own merits. Generally speaking, however, it is advisable to refrain from doing so if there is no clear evidence of wrongdoing or if blowing the whistle would put others at risk of harm.

In many jurisdictions, there are legal protections available to whistleblowers, such as immunity from prosecution or civil liability