The Itaipu Hydroelectric Power Plant: A History

1. History of the Itaipu Hydroelectric Power Plant

The Itaipu Hydroelectric Power Plant was constructed on the Paraná River that flows through Brazil and Paraguay. The Paraná River is the second-longest river in South America, after the Amazon River. The Itaipu Hydroelectric Power Plant is considered to be one of the seven wonders of the modern world.
In 1975, the governments of Brazil and Paraguay signed an agreement to build a hydroelectric dam on the Paraná River. The dam was completed in 1984, and it took nine years and US$20 billion to build. The Itaipu Hydroelectric Power Plant is 7,762 feet (2,374 meters) long and 640 feet (195 meters) high. The power plant has 20 turbo generators that can produce 14 gigawatts (GW) of electricity – enough to power the whole of Paraguay and more than 60% of Brazil.
In 2016, the Itaipu Hydroelectric Power Plant set a world record by producing 103.1 terawatt-hours (TWh) of electricity in one year. The previous record was held by China’s Three Gorges Dam, which produced 98.8 TWh in 2014.

2. Location of the Itaipu Hydroelectric Power Plant

TheItaipu Hydroelectric Power Plant is located on the Paraná River, which forms the border between Brazil and Paraguay. The power plant is situated in the Iguazú National Park in Brazil and the Alto Parana Atlantic Forest Reserve in Paraguay.

3. Construction of the Itaipu Hydroelectric Power Plant

Construction of the Itaipu Hydroelectric Power Plant began in 1975 and was completed in 1984. The dam is 7,762 feet (2,374 meters) long and 640 feet (195 meters) high.
The power plant has 20 turbo generators that can produce 14 gigawatts (GW) of electricity – enough to power Paraguay and more than 60% of Brazil.

4. The Itaipu Binacional Consortium

TheItaipu Binacional Consortium is a joint venture between the governments of Paraguay and Brazil that manages the Itaipu Hydroelectric Power Plant.

5. The Workforce behind the Itaipu Hydroelectric Power Plant

More than 40,000 people worked on the construction of the Itaipu Hydroelectric Power Plant. most of them were Brazilian workers who were brought to Paraguay to work on the project.

6. Paraguay and Brazil’s Partnership in the Itaipu Hydroelectric Power Plant

TheItaipu Hydroelectric Power Plant is owned jointly by Brazil and Paraguay. Each country has a 50% stake in the power plant.

7. The Parana River and the Itaipu Hydroelectric Power Plant

The Paraná River is the second-longest river in South America, after the Amazon River. The river flows through Brazil, Paraguay, Bolivia and Argentina before emptying into the Atlantic Ocean.
The river plays an important role in the economy of South America as it is used for transportation, irrigation and hydroelectric power generation.
The Itaipu Hydroelectric Power Plant is located on the Paraná River, which forms the border between Brazil and Paraguay.

FAQ

The Itaipu Hydroelectric Power Plant is a dam located on the Paraná River in Brazil.

The Itaipu Hydroelectric Power Plant was built in order to harness the power of the Paraná River for electricity production.

The dam is 7,831 feet long and 656 feet high, making it one of the largest dams in the world. The plant has 20 generators that can produce 14 GW of power – enough to supply 25% of Brazil’s needs and 75% of Paraguay’s.

The Itaipu Hydroelectric Power Plant is considered one of the engineering wonders of the world because it is so large and produces such a large amount of power.