The Importance of Arts Education

1. Introduction:

The National Arts Education Association (NAEA) defines arts education as “a process where students develop knowledge, skills, and experiences in the arts.” The NAEA further distinguishes between elementary and high school arts education, stating that “elementary arts education refers to instruction in the basic principles of the arts, usually visual art, music, dance, and theater.” High school arts education, on the other hand, “focuses on providing students with more advanced skills in one or more of the arts disciplines.”

2. Arts Education in Elementary School:

Elementary school arts education is typically taught by generalists who have a broad range of experience in different art forms. These teachers often use a mix of methods, including printed curriculum, packed collections of art materials and equipment, and hands-on instruction. Due to the limited amount of time available for instruction, elementary school teachers often rely heavily on printed curriculum.

According to the National Endowment for the Arts (NEA), “public funding for elementary and secondary arts education has declined significantly over the past three decades.” In 1985, the NEA found that only 14 percent of public schools offered daily instruction in the arts. By 1999, that number had declined to just eight percent. In response to these trends, many states have implemented arts education standards and started backing art programs with state funds.

3. Arts Education in High School:

High school arts education is typically taught by specialists who have extensive training and experience in a specific art form. These teachers often use a variety of methods to provide their students with an in-depth understanding of their chosen discipline. High school teachers often have access to better resources than their elementary counterparts, including well-equipped classrooms and sufficient funding.

4. Conclusion:

Art education plays an important role in the development of young people. By providing students with opportunities to explore their creativity and learn new skills, arts education helps them develop into well-rounded adults. Although public funding for arts education has declined in recent years, many states are working to improve access to quality arts instruction.


The key principles of art education are creativity, expression, communication, and problem solving.

These principles contribute to the development of students' artistic skills and knowledge by providing them with opportunities to be creative, express themselves, communicate their ideas, and solve problems.

The challenges that art education face in today's schools include budget cuts, lack of resources, and insufficient teacher training.

We can overcome these challenges by advocating for increased funding for art education, providing resources for teachers and students, and offering professional development opportunities for teachers.