The Impact of the Long March on the Communist Cause in China

1. The Long March and the Communist Cause

The long march was a military retreat undertaken by the Red Army of the Communist Party of China, led by Mao Zedong, from October 1934 to October 1935. The miracle of the long march helped to greatly improve the communist cause by resulting in Mao having a strong grip on power within the party, and also contributing to the weakening of Chiang Kai-shek’s Nationalist regime. It also served as a unifying force for different communist factions within China.

2. How the Long March Improved the Communist Cause

The most immediate and significant impact of the long march was on the relationship between Mao and Chiang Kai-shek. Prior to the long march, there had been a tenuous alliance between the two men, with each using the other to further their own agendas. However, after the successful completion of the long march, Mao emerged as the undisputed leader of the communist party, while Chiang’s position was greatly weakened. This resulted in a much stronger communist party, which was better able to challenge Chiang’s rule.

In addition, the long march served to unite different factions within the communist party. Prior to the long march, there had been two main camps within the party: those led by Mao and those led by Zhu De. The successful completion of the long march under Mao’s leadership served to cement his position as the pre-eminent leader of the party, and ensured that it would be united under his command in the future.

3. How the Long March Contributed to the Weakness of Communism Cause

Despite its many successes, the long march also contributed to the weakness of communism in China. One of the main reasons for this was that it left the communists severely weakened militarily. Although they had succeeded in eluding capture by Nationalist troops, they had lost a large number of men and much of their equipment during the course of their journey. This meant that they were in no position to launch an immediate offensive against Chiang’s forces, and allowed him time to regroup and prepare for a renewed assault on communist territory.

Another factor that contributed to communism’s weakness was that it created a split between Mao and Joseph Stalin. Prior to the long march, Stalin had been providing support to both Mao and Chiang in an effort to keep them weak and divided. However, after Mao’s success in leading his troops to safety, Stalin withdrew his support from Chiang and began backing Mao instead. This created a rift between Chinese communists and Soviets which would not be healed until after Stalin’s death in 1953.
In conclusion, the long march was a pivotal event in the history of China. It improved the communist cause by resulting in Mao having a stronger grip on power and contributing to the weakening of Chiang Kai-shek’s regime. However, it also created problems for communism in China, such as a split with the Soviet Union and a weakened military.

FAQ

The Communists were motivated to embark on the Long March because they wanted to escape the Nationalist army that was pursuing them. They also wanted to spread their message and build support for their cause.

The experience of the Long March shaped Communist ideology by making them more disciplined and committed to their cause. It also showed them that they could overcome great odds and achieve their goals.

Some of the key challenges faced by the Communists during the march were hunger, thirst, exhaustion, and disease. They also had to deal with difficult terrain and hostile people in some areas.

The successful completion of the Long March was seen as a significant victory for Communism because it showed that they could survive and even thrive under difficult conditions. It also boosted morale among party members and helped to spread Communist ideas throughout China