The Impact of the 1983 “A Nation at Risk” Report on Education in America

1. Introduction:

The United States of America has long been considered a world leader in education. However, in recent years its position has been slipping, with other countries such as Finland and South Korea now outperforming the US in international tests. In response to this decline, in 1983 a commission was set up to investigate the state of education in America and to make recommendations for improvement. The resulting report, titled “A Nation at Risk”, identified a number of serious problems with the US educational system and made a number of far-reaching recommendations. This paper will summarize the main findings of the report and discuss the impact it has had on education in America since its release.

2. Historical context of the report:

In the early 1980s, America was facing a number of economic challenges. Inflation was high, unemployment was rising, and productivity was stagnating. In an effort to address these issues, President Reagan appointed a commission to investigate the state of education in America and to make recommendations for improvement. The commission was chaired by David P. Gardner, President of the University of California system, and its members included business leaders, educators, and government officials. The commission’s mandate was to “Investigate thoroughly the condition and status of American Education…and make specific recommendations concerning both immediate and long-range needs” (A Nation at Risk, 1983, p. 1).

3. Summary of the report:

The report began by highlighting some statistics which showed that America was falling behind other developed countries in terms of educational attainment. For example, it noted that while US students had once been among the best in the world in terms of mathematics and science skills, they had fallen to below average by the early 1980s. The report also pointed to evidence that American students were not being adequately prepared for work or further study after they had left school. For example, it highlighted data showing that only 40% of high school graduates were proficient in reading and that only 25% were competent in mathematics (A Nation at Risk, 1983, p. 2).

The report went on to identify a number of factors which it believed were responsible for this decline in standards. These included a lack of challenge and rigor in the curriculum, low teacher salaries, inadequate facilities and resources, and poor student discipline. The report also criticized the increasing trend towards “grade inflation”, whereby grades were given for work which would previously have been considered unacceptable (A Nation at Risk, 1983, pp. 2-3).

The report made a total of 28 specific recommendations for improving the quality of education in America. These covered areas such as curriculum design, teacher training, assessment methods, and educational funding (A Nation at Risk, 1983, pp. 3-5). Perhaps the most controversial recommendation was that all students should be required to take a minimum of four years of English and three years each of mathematics, science, and social studies (A Nation at Riski résumé de la nation en danger de 1983" et mettre l’accent sur les impacts du rapport sur le système éducatif à ce jour.. Les mots clés: qualité, éducation, Amérique, commission, recommandations, étudiants, enseignants, responsabilité, leadership, intégrité.
Type de papier: essai.
Taille: 1500 mots.

Table des matières:

1. Introduction
2. Contexte historique du rapport
3. Sommaire du rapport

4. Impact du rapport

5. Conclusion


1. Introduction :

Les États-Unis d’Amérique ont longtemps été considérés comme un leader mondial de l’éducation. Cependant, ces dernières années, sa position a glissé, d’autres pays, comme la Finlande et la Corée du Sud dépassant maintenant les États-Unis dans les tests internationaux. En réponse à ce déclin, en 1983, une commission a été établie pour enquêter sur l’état de l’éducation aux États-Unis et faire des recommandations pour l’amélioration. Le rapport résultant, intitulé «Une nation en danger», a identifié un certain nombre de graves problèmes avec le système éducatif des États-Unis et a fait un certain nombre de recommandations importantes. Ce document résume les principales conclusions du rapport et discute de l’impact qu’il a eu sur l’éducation aux États-Unis depuis sa publication.

2. Contexte historique du rapport :

Dans les années 1980, les États-Unis faisaient face à plusieurs défis économiques. L’inflation était élevée, le chômage augmentait et la productivité stagnait. Afin de faire face à ces problèmes, le président Reagan a nommé une commission pour enquêter sur l’état de l’éducation aux États-Unis et faire des recommandations pour l’amélioration. La commission était présidée par David P. Gardner, président du système de l’Université de Californie, et ses membres comprenaient des dirigeants d’entreprise, des éducateurs et des hauts fonctionnaires du gouvernement. La mission de la commission était «d’enquêter soigneusement sur la condition et le statut de l’éducation américaine. et de formuler des recommandations spécifiques concernant les besoins immédiats et à long terme» (Une nation en danger, 1983, p1)……


The "A Nation at Risk of 1983" report was a response to the declining state of education in America.

The report was authored by a commission that was appointed by then-President Ronald Reagan. The commission members were mostly business leaders, with only a few educators among them.

The main findings of the report were that American students were falling behind their counterparts in other developed nations, and that something needed to be done to improve the quality of education in America.

One of the most significant ways that the "A Nation at Risk" report influenced education policy in the United States was through its recommendation that all states adopt higher standards for graduation from high school. As a result of this recommendation, many states did indeed raise their graduation standards.

Some criticisms of the "A Nation at Risk" report include the fact that it overemphasized standardized test scores as a measure of educational success, and that it did not adequately address issues such as poverty and racism which can impact educational outcomes.

Many of the recommendations from the "A Nation at Risk"report have been implemented, although not always with great success. For example, while many states did raise their high school graduation standards as recommended by the report, this has also led to an increase in dropout rates in some cases .

Research indicates that America's schools are not currently meeting students' needs adequately compared to other developed nations aroundthe world .