The Impact of Globalization on the Environment

1. Introduction:

Globalization has been present since the early days of human civilization, but in recent years it has increased exponentially, due to advances in technology and transportation. This process of globalization has had a profound impact on the environment, leading to increased pollution and the spread of infectious diseases. In this essay, I will discuss the relation between globalization and environmental problems, with a focus on state development and the role of the global community.

2. Theoretical perspective of globalization and environmental problems:

There are two main theoretical approaches to globalization – the classical discourse and the contemporary approach.

The classical discourse of globalization was developed in the 18th and 19th centuries and is associated with the work of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. This perspective sees globalization as a process of capitalism, whereby capitalists exploit workers in order to maximize profits. This exploitation leads to adivision of the world into rich and poor countries, as well as to environmental degradation.

The contemporary approach to globalization was developed in the late 20th century and is associated with the work of renowned sociologist Anthony Giddens. This perspective sees globalization as a process of increasing interconnectedness between people and countries. It is argued that globalization has led to the development of a global economy and culture, as well as to increased environmental problems.

3. Globalization and infectious diseases:

One of the most important ways in which globalization has impacted the environment is through the spread of infectious diseases. With more people travelling internationally than ever before, diseases can spread rapidly around the world. For example, the outbreak of Ebola in West Africa in 2014 was able to spread so quickly due to international travel (Dudas, 2014). In fact, one of the reasons why this outbreak was so devastating was because it occurred in a region that was not prepared to deal with such a disease.

4. The state’s development and environmental problems:

Another way in which globalization has impacted the environment is through state development. As countries develop economically, they often do so at the expense of the environment. For example, China has experienced rapid economic growth over the past few decades, but this growth has come at the cost of China’s environment (Wong, 2016). As Wong points out, “China’s model of development – resource-intensive manufacturing combined with low wages – has resulted in massive pollution problems” (Wong, 2016). This shows how state development can lead to environmental problems on a global scale.

5. The role of the global community in solving environmental problems:

The global community has an important role to play in solving environmental problems caused by globalization. One way in which the global community can do this is by providing aid to developing countries so that they can develop without damaging their environments. Another way is by working together to combat climate change, which is one of the biggest environmental threats facing our planet today.

6. Sustainable development as a way to solve environmental problems caused by globalization:
One way to solve environmental problems caused by globalization is through sustainable development. Sustainable development is “development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs” (Brundtland Commission, 1987). In other words, it is a way of developing that does not damage the environment.

7. Conclusion:

In conclusion, it is clear that there is a direct relation between globalization and environmental problems. Such relation might extend into a scope wider than the consequences of natural disasters. Globalization has had a profound impact on the environment, leading to increased pollution and the spread of infectious diseases. The state’s development and the role of the global community are also important factors to consider when discussing the relation between globalization and environmental problems.

FAQ

The main environmental problems associated with globalization are climate change, loss of biodiversity, and pollution.

Globalization has contributed to these environmental problems by increasing the production and consumption of goods, which has led to increased greenhouse gas emissions and other forms of pollution.

Solutions that have been proposed to address these environmental problems include reducing consumption, promoting sustainable production practices, and investing in renewable energy sources.