The Impact of Globalisation on Culture and Literature

1. Introduction

Nowadays, the world is more connected than ever before. People can travel to any country they want and learn about other cultures. In addition, with the development of technology, it is possible to get information about any culture without even leaving your home. All of these factors have an impact on the way people think and behave. As a result, two processes are known in culture and literature – convergence and divergence. But what’s present now? The cultural debate is explored in the essay.

2. The definition of culture and literature

First of all, it is necessary to understand the meaning of the term “culture”. Culture is a system of beliefs, values, traditions, and knowledge that shapes the way we think, feel, and behave in society. It includes everything from our beliefs about sports to our political styles and religious issues.

Secondly, we need to know what literature is. In general, literature is any form of written or spoken communication. However, when we talk about literature in academic terms, we usually refer to works of fiction, poetry, and drama.

3. The main differences between convergence and divergence

Convergence is a process by which different cultures become more alike. For example, as people from different cultures move to developed countries such as the United States or Australia, they often adopt the lifestyles of the majority culture. In addition, as trade and travel become easier, people are exposed to a greater variety of cultures, and this also leads to increased similarity between them.

Divergence is a process by which different cultures become more different. For example, as globalisation increases, many multinational companies such as Wal-Mart and IKEA are setting up branches in countries all over the world. However, they often make very little effort to adapt their products or services to local cultures, and this can lead to increased divergence between these cultures.

4. The examples of convergence and divergence in culture

The following are some examples of convergence in culture:
– The spread of democracy around the world
– The increasing number of interracial marriages
– The growth of globalisation
– The increasing use of English as a global language
– The increasing popularity of American pop culture
The following are some examples of divergence in culture:
– The rise of Islamic extremism
– The resurgence of nationalism in Europe
– The growth of China as a superpower
– The increasing use of social media

5. The examples of convergence and divergence in literature

The following are some examples of convergence in literature:
– The increasing popularity of fantasy and science fiction genres
– The increasing number of books being translated into English
– The increasing popularity of eBooks
The following are some examples of divergence in literature:
– The decline of traditional print media
– The growth of self-publishing
– The increasing popularity of niche genres such as erotica

6. Conclusion

In conclusion, it is clear that both convergence and divergence are present in the world today. However, it is also clear that the trend is towards increasing globalisation and a consequent increase in the similarity between different cultures. This is likely to continue in the future as the world becomes increasingly connected.


Some examples of convergence in culture and literature would be the way that various cultures have come to adopt similar technologies, or the way that people from different cultures can now communicate with each other more easily thanks to globalization. An example of divergence would be the way that some cultural groups are becoming more isolated from each other due to factors like nationalism or religious fundamentalism.

The phenomenon of convergence has made it easier for us to understand and interpret texts from other cultures, while divergence has made it more difficult to appreciate works of art from groups that we are not familiar with. However, both phenomena can also create opportunities for new and innovative interpretations of old texts or for the creation of entirely new works of art.

An awareness of convergence and divergence can help us to appreciate works of art by understanding how they relate to other cultures and traditions, and by seeing how they have been affected by the forces of globalization. It can also help us to create new works of art by bringing together elements from different cultures in order to create something completely unique.