The Impact of Corruption on Politics, Economics and Society
The definition of corruption has always remained relative without any distinct boundary on activities that would be described as corrupt in nature. What is considered as a small act of bribery in one country may be considered as a huge act of corruption in another. This essay will explore how corruption has been defined over time and how it has been used as a cultural tradition and social activity in different parts of the world. It will also discuss the impact of corruption on the political system, economy and society.
2. The definition of corruption
According to Transparency International, corruption is defined as the abuse of entrusted power for private gain. It can take many forms, such as bribery, favouritism, embezzlement, nepotism and kickbacks. Corruption is often found in societies where there is a lot of inequality between the rich and the poor. In some cases, it may be seen as a way to get ahead in life or to gain access to resources that are not available to everyone.
3. Corruption as a cultural tradition
Corruption has been a part of human society for thousands of years. In many cultures, gift giving is seen as a sign of respect and friendship. In some cases, gifts may be given in exchange for favours or special treatment. This is known as bribery and it is illegal in most countries. However, there are still some cultures where bribery is seen as acceptable behaviour. For example, in many Asian countries it is common for business deals to be done through gift giving. This practice is known as guanxi and it is seen as a way to build relationships and trust between people (Choy, 2010).
4. Corruption as a social activity
In some societies, corruption is seen as a social activity that helps to lubricate relationships between people. For example, in many African countries it is common for people to give gifts to those in positions of power in order to gain favour or access to resources (Swartz, 2009). This practice is known as «dola» and it is seen as a way of life by many people. Dola can take many forms, such as giving money or food to those in need, providing services for free or at a reduced cost, or giving gifts to politicians or other influential people.
5. The impact of corruption on the political system
Corruption can have a significant impact on the political system of a country. In some cases, it can lead to the collapse of the government or the overthrow of the ruling party. Corruption can also make it difficult for international organizations to work with a country and can damage the reputation of the country internationally. For example, if a country’s leaders are found to be corrupt, this may make other countries less likely to want to do business with them or give them aid (Transparency International, 2017).
6. The impact of corruption on the economy
Corruption can also have a negative impact on the economy. For example, if public funds are embezzled by those in power, this can lead to less money being available for vital public services such as healthcare and education (Transparency International, 2017). Corruption can also make it difficult for businesses to operate efficiently and can deter foreign investment from coming into the country (World Bank Group, 2016).
7. The impact of corruption on society
Corruption can have a number of negative impacts on society. For example, it can foster a culture of mistrust and cynicism. This is because people may believe that they can only get ahead in life through illegal or unethical means. Corruption can also lead to social unrest and violence, as people may become frustrated with the unfairness of the system and take to the streets to protest (Transparency International, 2017).
Corruption is a global problem that has a significant impact on the political, economic and social stability of a country. It is often seen as a cultural tradition or social activity in many parts of the world. However, corruption can have a number of negative consequences for a country, such as deterring foreign investment, causing social unrest and damaging the reputation of the country internationally.