The Historical Perspectives on the Social Order
1. Historical perspective of social order:
The historical perspectives on the social order are to give an idea about what was the world and society many years ago, what were their main principles and main intellectual sources. The main historical source for this essay is Thucydides’ History of the Peloponnesian War. In this work, Thucydides gives a vivid and brutal account of the civil war that tore Athens apart in the 5th century BCE. His account is based on his own eyewitness testimony as well as interviews with participants in the war. Thucydides’ history is not only a valuable source of information about the Peloponnesian War, but also provides insights into the social order of Athens at that time.
In addition to Thucydides, another important source for this essay is Livy’s History of Rome. Livy’s history covers the period from the foundation of Rome in 753 BCE to the death of Augustus in 14 CE. Unlike Thucydides, Livy was not an eyewitness to the events he describes. However, his history is based on a careful study of contemporary sources and provides a detailed picture of Roman society during the Republic and early Empire.
2. Thucydides and Livy’s historical writing:
Thucydides and Livy were both excellent historians who made significant contributions to our understanding of the past. However, there are some important differences between their approaches to history. Thucydides was primarily concerned with political events and military history, while Livy was more interested in social and cultural history. This is reflected in the fact thatThucydides’ work focuses on the Peloponnesian War, while Livy’s covers a much wider range of topics. In addition, Thucydides was interested in analyzing cause and effect and finding underlying patterns in historical events, while Livy was more concerned with telling a good story. As a result, Thucydides’ history is more analytical and objective, while Livy’s is more narrative and subjective.
3. Sense of any serious research in the historical field:
In order to get a sense of any serious research in the historical field, it is necessary to first understand what constitutes reliable evidence. There are two main types of evidence that historians use: primary sources and secondary sources. Primary sources are contemporary accounts of events written by people who witnessed them firsthand. Secondary sources are later accounts that provide analysis and interpretation of primary sources. Historians must carefully evaluate both types of evidence in order to determine its reliability.
In addition to assessing evidence, historians must also be able to critically analyze it. This means looking at different interpretations of events and trying to identify which one is most likely to be accurate. It also involves making judgments about causation – that is, trying to determine why certain events happened as they did. This can be a difficult task, as it requires historians to take into account a wide range of factors such as economic conditions, political developments, social change, and individual psychology.
The ability to do all of this – to assess evidence and analyze it critically – is essential for any serious researcher in the field of history.
4. Comparing and analyzing facts and events of the past:
When comparing and analyzing facts and events from the past, it is important to remember that historiography – the study of history – is an ongoing process. This means that new evidence can always be discovered that changes our understanding of the past. In addition, new interpretations of old evidence can also be proposed that challenge existing views. For these reasons, it is important to approach the study of history with an open mind and a willingness to question received wisdom.
5. Finding logic which brings them together:
One of the most challenging aspects of historical research is finding the logic which brings together disparate facts and events into a coherent story. This is often referred to as the “art of synthesis.” It requires historians to have a deep understanding of the period under study as well as a keen ability to see connections between seemingly unrelated events.
Finding the logic which brings together different elements of the past can be a difficult and sometimes frustrating task. However, it is also one of the most rewarding aspects of historical research, as it allows us to see the past in a new and different light.
6. Livy’s book lacks all of the points:
Livy’s history is an important source for this essay, but it should be noted that it lacks all of the points listed above. Livy was not an eyewitness to the events he describes, and his work is more narrative than analytical. In addition, Livy’s history covers a much wider range of topics than Thucydides’ and does not focus on political events or military history. As a result, Livy’s history is less useful for our purposes than Thucydides’.
In conclusion, the historical perspectives on the social order are essential to give an idea about what was the world and society many years ago, what were their main principles and main intellectual sources. The main source for this essay is Thucydides’ History of the Peloponnesian War. Another important source is Livy’s History of Rome.