The Government’s Responsibility to Promote Justice

1. Introduction

Justice is a central and contested concept in political philosophy. It is often invoked in support of various public policy objectives, such as the promotion of economic development, the protection of human rights, or the punishment of criminals. The different variations and theories of justice include: utilitarian justice, retributive justice, distributive justice, restorative and societal justice. Theorists debate the meaning of justice, its proper role in politics, and whether it can ever be achieved in practice.

In this essay, I will focus on the promotion of justice by the government. I will argue that the government has a responsibility to promote justice and that this can best be achieved through the judiciary and the executive. I will first outline the different theories of justice and then discuss how the government can promote justice through the judiciary and the executive.

2. The different variations and theories of justice

There are many different theories of justice, each with their own conception of what constitutes a just society. The most prominent theories are utilitarianism, retributivism, distributivism, and restorative/societaljustice.

2. 1 Utilitarianism

Utilitarianism is a theory ofjustice that holds that the right thing to do is whatever maximises utility (i.e., happiness or pleasure). The utilitarian approach to punishments is that they should be designed to maximise utility, which means that they should be designed to reform or deter criminals rather than to punish them for their crimes.

2. 2 Retributivism

Retributivism is a theory ofjustice that holds that people deserve to be punished for their crimes. The retributive approach to punishments is that they should be proportionate to the severity of the crime and should be designed to inflict pain on the offender rather than to reform or deter them from committing further crimes.

2. 3 Distributivism

Distributivism is a theory ofjustice that holds that people have a right to an equal share of resources (such as land or wealth). The distributive approach to punishments is that they should be designed to redistribute resources from offenders to victims, or from rich to poor people.

2. 4 Restorative / Societal Justice

Restorative justice is a theory ofjustice that focuses on repairing the harm caused by crime rather than on punishing offenders. The goal ofrestorative justice is to bring together victims and offenders to agree on a plan for repairing the harm caused by the crime (such as compensation for loss or damage, an apology, or community service). Restorative justice has been shown to reduce recidivism rates (i.e., rates of re-offending) and increase satisfaction with the criminal justice system among both victims and offenders.

Societal justice is a theory ofjustice that holds that all members of society deserve to be treated fairly and equally. Societal justice includes both distributive and restorative elements, but goes beyond these two theories by emphasising the need for institutional reform to prevent injustice from occurring in the first place. Societal justice requires not only that we distribute resources equitably, but also that we change our institutions so that they are better able to meet everyone’s needs equally.

3. The promotion of justice by the government

The government has a responsibility to promote justice. This can be achieved through the judiciary and the executive.

3. 1 The judiciary

The judiciary is responsible for administering justice. The government can promote justice through the judiciary by ensuring that it is transparent and accountable, by ensuring that it is independent, and by ensuring that all citizens have access to it.

3. 1. Government transparency and accountability

The government must be transparent in its dealings with the judiciary. This means that the government must disclose all relevant information about its decision-making process to the public. The government must also be accountable to the public for its actions. This means that the government must justify its actions to the public and be open to criticism.

3. 1.2 An independent judiciary

The judiciary must be independent from the government. This means that the judiciary must be free from interference from the executive branch of government. The judiciary must be able to make decisions without fear or favouritism.

3. 1.3 Access to justice

All citizens must have access to the judiciary. This means that everyone must have the right to a fair hearing before an impartial tribunal. Access to justice is essential for ensuring that all citizens are treated equally before the law.

3. 2 The executive

The executive is responsible for implementing and enforcing the law. The government can promote justice through the executive by ensuring that it is effective in its regulation of businesses and other organisations.

3. 2.1 Effective regulation

The executive must be effective in its regulation of businesses and other organisations. This means that businesses and other organisations must comply with the law and that they must not engage in activities that harm society or violate people’s rights. The executive must also ensure that businesses and other organisations are transparent in their dealings with the public, so that people know what they are doing and can hold them accountable for their actions.

4. Conclusion

In conclusion, the government has a responsibility to promote justice. This can best be achieved through the judiciary and the executive. The judiciary must be transparent and accountable, independent, and accessible to all citizens. The executive must be effective in its regulation of businesses and other organisations.

FAQ

The role of justice in society is to ensure that individuals are treated fairly and equally.

Justice can be promoted within society through education, awareness campaigns, and laws and regulations that protect individuals from discrimination.

The benefits of promoting justice within society include increased social cohesion, decreased crime rates, and improved economic outcomes.

Potential challenges that may arise when promoting justice within society include resistance from those who benefit from the status quo and a lack of resources to effectively implement change.