The Existence of God: Descartes, Taylor, and Paley

1. Introduction

The existence of God is a question that has puzzled and confused people for centuries. It is a question that many people submit to and many argue against. There are many different theories on the existence of God, all with different evidence and reasoning. In this paper, I will discuss three of these theories; the theory of Rene Descartes, the theory of Richard Taylor, and the theory of William Paley. I will go over the main points of each theory and try to reach a conclusion on which one is more believable.

2. The Theory of Rene Descartes

Rene Descartes was a French philosopher who lived in the 1600s. He is most famous for his saying “Cogito, ergo sum” or “I think, therefore I am.” He believed that this was the only thing that could be known for certain. Everything else could be doubted. He thought that the only way to know if something was true was if he could conceive it clearly and distinctly in his mind. If he couldn’t, then it must be false.

Descartes believed that God existed because he couldn’t conceive of Him not existing. He thought that if God didn’t exist, then everything would be chaos and there would be no order in the universe. He also thought that since he was imperfect, he must have been created by a perfect being (God).

The main problem with Descartes’ theory is that it is based on his own opinions and beliefs. Just because he can’t conceive of something doesn’t mean it isn’t true. For example, he couldn’t conceive of a world without gravity, but that doesn’t mean it doesn’t exist. His theory also doesn’t address the problem of evil. If God is all-powerful and all-good, then why does evil exist in the world?

3. The Theory of Richard Taylor

Richard Taylor was an American philosopher who lived in the 20th century. He believed that the existence of God could be proved by what he called the “cosmological argument.” This argument says that everything in the universe has a cause, and that cause must have had a cause, and so on. Eventually, you would reach a First Cause (God) who didn’t have a cause because He created everything else.

Taylor also believed in what is called the “ontological argument.” This argument says that since we can conceive of a perfect being (God), He must exist because otherwise He wouldn’t be perfect.

The main problem with Taylor’s theories is that they are both based on our own opinions and beliefs about what is possible or impossible. Just because we can conceive of something doesn’t mean it exists, and just because something has a cause doesn’t mean there must be a First Cause (God).

4. The Theory of William Paley

William Paley was an English philosopher who lived in the 18th century. He is best known for his analogy of the watchmaker. He said that if you found a watch on the ground, you would know that it had been made by someone because it is too complicated to have just happened by chance. In the same way, he said, the universe is too complicated to have just happened by chance; it must have been created by God.

Paley also believed in the “design argument.” This argument says that since the universe is so ordered and complex, it must have been designed by a superior being (God).

The main problem with Paley’s theories is that they are both based on the idea that something cannot come from nothing. But this is not necessarily true. We don’t know everything about the universe, so it is possible that it could have come from nothing.

5. Conclusion

In conclusion, I believe that the theory of Rene Descartes is the most believable of the three theories discussed in this paper. Even though it is based on his own opinions and beliefs, I think that his reasoning is the strongest out of the three. However, I still don’t think that any of these theories can truly prove the existence of God beyond a reasonable doubt.


The existence of God impacts our understanding of the universe in a few ways. First, it gives us a way to explain how everything came into existence. Second, it provides us with a purpose for our lives. Third, it helps us to understand the nature of reality and the cosmos. fourth, fifth, and sixthly, etc…

Some key arguments for the existence of God are that many people have had religious experiences that seem to point to an underlying reality beyond our physical world; also, the argument from design says that the Universe is too complex and orderly to have arisen by chance, so there must be a intelligent creator who designed it; finally, some people argue that we see evidence of God's handiwork in miracles or answered prayers. Some key arguments against the existence of God are that if God exists, then why is there so much suffering in the world; also, many things in nature can be explained by natural causes without invoking supernatural intervention; finally, some atheists simply don't believe in anything they cannot see or touch.

Different religions view the existence of God differently depending on their beliefs. For example, Christians believe in one all-powerful god who created and controls everything; Muslims believe in one god who is all-powerful but not involved in human affairs; Hindus believe in multiple gods who each control different aspects of life; Buddhists generally do not believe in any sort of god or gods.

Science does not directly support or refute the existence of God because it deals with observable physical phenomena while belief inGod is a matter of faith. However, some scientists (such as Stephen Hawking) have argued that science has shown that there is no need for a creator god because everything can be explained by natural laws alone.

If there is no God, then the meaning and purpose of life is something that each individual must determine for themselves. Some people believe that we can find meaning in our relationships with others, in our work, or in pursuing our passions. Others believe that life is ultimately meaningless and that we should just enjoy it while we can.