The Ethical Issues Surrounding Jordan’s Garment Industry

1. Introduction:

The purpose of this paper is to explore the ethical issues regarding Jordan's garment industry. In order to do so, different ethical theories will be looked at and related to the information given. The different theories that will be looked at are the Kantian Ethics theory, the Divine Command Theory and Utilitarianism. Furthermore, the different perspectives on what is good and bad will also be taken into account. The first part of this paper will give a general introduction to the apparel industry in Jordan and the different dilemmas that exist within it. The second part will focus on explaining each ethical theory and how it can relate to the given information about Jordan's garment industry. The third and final part of this paper will be a conclusion in which all the information will be brought together.

2. The Issues of the Apparel Industry:

The apparel industry is one of the biggest industries in Jordan. It employs a great number of people, both locals and foreigners. However, there are many problems that exist within this industry. Firstly, many of the workers are migrants who have come from countries such as Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and India. These workers often face exploitation and abuse from their employers. They are often paid very low wages, have very long working hours and are not given proper breaks. Moreover, they are often not provided with adequate safety equipment or training. This can lead to serious injuries or even death in some cases. Secondly, there is a great deal of environmental pollution caused by the textile factories. The wastewater from these factories often contains harmful chemicals which can pollute both air and water supplies. This can have a negative impact on both human health and the environment. Finally, there is also a problem with child labor in the apparel industry. This is because many of the migrant workers who come to work in Jordan are underage. They are often forced to work long hours for very little pay. This can have a negative impact on their health and education.

3. The Kantian Ethics Theory:

One of the most important ethical theories is Kantian Ethics. This theory is based on the belief that there are certain things which are good in themselves and certain things which are bad in themselves. These things are known as "moral duties". According to Kant, it is our duty to do what is good and avoid what is bad. Furthermore, he believed that we should only act in ways which we could will everyone else to act in. This is because he believed that everyone has an equal right to happiness and wellbeing. Kantian Ethics can be applied to the issues surrounding Jordan's garment industry in several ways. Firstly, it could be argued that it is our duty to improve working conditions for migrant workers in Jordan's garment industry. This is because they are often treated very poorly by their employers and they deserve to be treated with respect and dignity. Furthermore, it could also be argued that we have a duty to protect the environment from pollution caused by textile factories. This is because environmental pollution can have a negative impact on both human health and the environment itself. Finally, it could be argued that we have a duty to protect children from exploitation by ensuring that they do not work in hazardous conditions or for long hours without proper pay.

4. The Divine Command Theory:

Another important ethical theory is the Divine Command Theory. This theory states that what is good is what God commands us to do and what is bad is what God forbids us to do. This theory is based on the belief that God is the ultimate authority on what is right and what is wrong. Furthermore, it is believed that we should obey God's commands in order to achieve salvation. The Divine Command Theory can be applied to the issues surrounding Jordan's garment industry in several ways. Firstly, it could be argued that we have a duty to protect the rights of migrant workers in Jordan's garment industry. This is because God commands us to love our neighbor as ourselves and to treat others with respect and dignity. Furthermore, it could also be argued that we have a duty to protect the environment from pollution caused by textile factories. This is because God created the world and everything in it and we should therefore take care of it. Finally, it could be argued that we have a duty to protect children from exploitation by ensuring that they do not work in hazardous conditions or for long hours without proper pay. This is because God commands us to love and protect children.

5. The Utilitarianism Theory:

The final ethical theory that will be looked at is Utilitarianism. This theory states that what is good is what produces the greatest amount of happiness for the greatest number of people and what is bad is what produces the least amount of happiness for the greatest number of people. This theory is based on the belief that we should always aim to produce the greatest amount of happiness for the greatest number of people. Utilitarianism can be applied to the issues surrounding Jordan's garment industry in several ways. Firstly, it could be argued that we should improve working conditions for migrant workers in Jordan's garment industry in order to increase their happiness. Furthermore, it could also be argued that we should protect the environment from pollution caused by textile factories in order to increase the happiness of both human beings and animals. Finally, it could be argued that we should protect children from exploitation by ensuring that they do not work in hazardous conditions or for long hours without proper pay. This is because doing so would increase their happiness and wellbeing.

6. Conclusion:

In conclusion, there are many ethical issues surrounding Jordan's garment industry. These issues can be related to different ethical theories such as Kantian Ethics, the Divine Command Theory and Utilitarianism. Furthermore, different perspectives on what is good and bad can also be taken into account.

FAQ

The main challenges facing Jordan's garment industry are the high cost of production, competition from cheaper labor markets, and limited access to export markets.

The global economic environment has affected Jordan's garment industry by making it more difficult for Jordanian companies to compete on price with companies from other countries.

The government is supporting the industry by providing training and financial assistance to companies that are willing to improve their working conditions.

There are no specific programs in place to help workers migrate to better jobs, but the government is working on a general plan to improve employment opportunities in the country.

Companies can improve working conditions for their employees by providing better training, increasing wages, and improving benefits.

Unions play a important role in protecting workers' rights in Jordan's garment industry by negotiating with employers on behalf of workers and advocating for better working conditions.

Some of the success stories of companies who have improved working conditions for their employees in Jordan's garment industry include Better Work Jordan and the Maquila Solidarity Network.