The Aztec Civilization: Barbaric or Advanced?

1. Introduction

The Aztec civilization was truly amazing as there is no other civilization on Earth that would have created the same great calendar as Aztecs had. Their art and architecture were also advanced and their houses were richly furnished with jewelry and other items. The ball court was another impressive Aztec creation. Furthermore, the Aztec writing system was very complex and their numbering system was very sophisticated.

Despite all these impressive achievements, the Aztec civilization has often been seen as barbaric by many historians. This is because of the fact that the Aztecs engaged in human sacrifice and they also fought wars against their neighbors.

In this essay, I will explore both the positive and negative aspects of the Aztec civilization in order to determine whether they were truly barbaric or not.

2. The Aztec civilization: an overview

The Aztec civilization was one of the most advanced civilizations in the Americas. They lived in central Mexico in an area which is now known as the Valley of Mexico. The Valley of Mexico is a large valley which is surrounded by mountains and it has a lot of boggy ground.

The Aztecs built their cities on this boggy ground and they created a system of canals in order to bring water to their crops. The largest city of the Aztec empire was Tenochtitlan and it was located in the center of the Valley of Mexico.

The Aztecs were a nomadic people who originally came from the northwestern part of Mexico. They began to settle in the Valley of Mexico around the year 1200 CE. At first, they were ruled by a leader known as Cuauhtemoc but, in 1428, they came under the rule of a man named Moctezuma II.

Moctezuma II expanded the Aztec empire considerably and he made Tenochtitlan into a great city. Under his rule, the Aztecs became one of the most powerful empires in Mesoamerica.

However, the Aztec empire came to an end in 1521 when it was conquered by the Spanish under the leadership of Hernan Cortes. After the conquest, many of theAztec people were killed by diseases brought over by the Spanish or they were forced to work as slaves in mines and on plantations.

3. The Aztec calendar

The Aztecs used a calendar which was much more accurate than the one used by the Europeans at that time. The Aztec calendar was based on a solar year and it had 365 days. It was divided into 18 months, each of which had 20 days. There were also five extra days at the end of the year which were considered to be unlucky.

The first day of the Aztec calendar was 1st March and the last day was 31st December. The months of the Aztec calendar were:

Coyolxauhqui
Cuetzpalin
Tozoztontli
Hueytozoztli
Toxcatl
Etzalcualiztli
Tecuilhuitontli
Hueytecuitlahtolli
Tlaxochimaco
Xocotlhuitzin
Ochpaniztli
Teotleco
Tepeilhuitl
Quecholli
Panquetzaliztli
Atemoztli
Tititl Izcalli Naualcoatl Atlcahualo Tlacaxipehualiztli Hueytecuilhuitl Cuauhtemotzin Quahuitl Omecihuatl Chicomecuauhtli Cempohuallamatl Cozcacuauhtli Mictlancihuatl Quiahuitl Tepequehuitl Ayokoanetzin Ome Tochtli Xiuhpohualli Nochtli Atlcahuallo Atemoztlin Cuatzoncuatzon Tochtlimolli Cuatzonmachti Cuauhtemotzin Ce Tecpatl Teotleco Tepetltzin Chicomixtzin Miquiztli Tecpatltzin Chicomixtzin Macuilcuetzpalli Centzonmimixcoa Teotleco Tepeilhuitl Toxcatl Atlcahuallo Pahuatlan Ahuitzotzin Cuauhtemotzin Chichimecahuiltzin Chimalman Chimalma Malinalxochitl Matlatzin Mayahuel Mictecacihuatl Nenetl Nezahualcoyotl Quetzalcoatl Xilonen Ozomatlin Tititlan Ayotzinapa Chicunauhmiquizca Chicunauhmictlan Techatal Tecciztecatln Tecciztecalihuan Ecatepec Chalchihueye Tepoztecatln Ometochtzin Atemotzin Cihuapilli Huitzilopochtl Huehueteotll Icamixt tatzin Mixcoatl camaxtic Moctezumall thoom Ometecutll Izel Tenanzin TepoztecatI Ticius Nican TocnochticI Tonatiuh Tzictli Xocoyotzin Xolotl

4. Aztec art and architecture

The Aztecs were great artists and their art was very sophisticated. They carved stone sculptures and they made beautiful jewelry out of gold and silver. They also painted pictures on walls and pottery.

The Aztecs built their cities using stone and adobe bricks. Their houses were richly furnished with jewelry, pottery, and other items. The ball court was another impressive Aztec creation.

5. The Aztec writing system

The Aztecs had a very complex writing system which was based on pictographs. These pictographs were used to represent words and ideas. The Aztecs also had a numbering system which was based on the numbers one to 20.

6. The Aztec numbering system

The Aztecs had a very sophisticated numbering system which was based on the numbers one to 20. They also had a symbol for zero which they used in their calendar.

7. Conclusion

The Aztec civilization was truly amazing as there is no other civilization on Earth that would have created the same great calendar as Aztecs had. Their art and architecture were also advanced and their houses were richly furnished with jewelry and other items. The ball court was another impressive Aztec creation. Furthermore, the Aztec writing system was very complex and their numbering system was very sophisticated.

However, the Aztec civilization has often been seen as barbaric by many historians. This is because of the fact that the Aztecs engaged in human sacrifice and they also fought wars against their neighbors.

In conclusion, I believe that the Aztec civilization was not barbaric but rather it was a very advanced civilization that achieved great things in art, architecture, astronomy, and mathematics.

FAQ

The Aztecs established their empire by conquering other tribes and forming alliances with them. They were able to maintain their empire through military power and by creating a system of tributary states.

Everyday life for the average Aztec citizen was filled with work, religious ceremonies, and leisure activities. Most people worked in agriculture or craftsmanship, but there was also a large class of merchants and traders. Religious ceremonies were an important part of Aztec life, and they believed that gods required human sacrifice. Leisure activities included playing games, listening to music, and watching dances.

The Aztecs were able to defeat Spanish conquistadors by using superior tactics and weapons. They also had the advantage of being familiar with the terrain.