The Advantages and Disadvantages of Behavioral Parenting Training
According to diagnostics, 6.1% of all children in the United States have Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). Many of those affected suffer from the symptoms into adulthood. The seriousness of ADHD accounts for the necessity of the use of behavioral parental training as the treatment of the disorder. This paper defines ADHD, describes what behavioral parenting training is and how it helps children with ADHD, and explains how parents can use this approach to socialize their children with ADHD in the family.
2. The definition and prevalence of ADHD:
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is a neuropsychiatric disorder characterized by problems with focus, hyperactivity, and impulsiveness (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). According to the American Psychiatric Association (2013), prevalence rates vary by country, but are highest in North America, Europe, and Australia and lowest in Asia. In the United States, the prevalence of ADHD is estimated to be about nine percent for school-aged children and five percent for adults (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). Rates are similar in Canada and Europe (Barkley, 2012).
The symptoms of ADHD can be divided into three categories: inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. Inattention can manifest itself as difficulty sustaining attention, disorganization, procrastination, forgetfulness, or distractibility. Hyperactive symptoms may include fidgeting, excessive talking, or feeling restless. Impulsivity can manifest itself as acting without thinking, interrupting others, or blurting out answers before questions have been completed. It is important to note that not all people who have ADHD will have all of these symptoms; some may only have one or two (American Psychiatric Association, 2013).
There are three subtypes of ADHD: predominantly inattentive type, predominantly hyperactive-impulsive type, and combined type (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). The predominantly inattentive type is characterized by having more symptoms of inattention than hyperactivity or impulsivity. The predominantly hyperactive-impulsive type is characterized by having more symptoms of hyperactivity and impulsivity than inattention. The combined type is characterized by having an equal number of symptoms from all three categories.
3. What is behavioral parenting training?
Behavioral parenting training is a form of therapy that helps parents learn how to change their own behavior in order to change their child’s behavior. It focuses on teaching parents how to respond to their child’s behavior in a way that will help the child learn new skills and improve their behavior (Dulcan et al., 2010).
Behavioral parenting training has been found to be effective in treating a variety of different disorders in children, including ADHD (Dulcan et al., 2010). It has been shown to improve parent-child relationships, increase positive parenting behaviors, and decrease negative parenting behaviors (Dulcan et al., 2010).
4. How does behavioral parenting training help children with ADHD?
There are a number of ways in which behavioral parenting training can help children with ADHD. One way is by helping parents understand how their own behavior affects their child’s behavior. For example, if a parent yells at their child when they are misbehaving, the child is likely to become scared and will continue to misbehave in order to avoid being yelled at again. However, if the parent instead explains to the child why their behavior is unacceptable and what they should do instead, the child is more likely to understand and change their behavior.
Another way in which behavioral parenting training can help children with ADHD is by teaching parents how to use positive reinforcement. Positive reinforcement is a technique that rewards desired behaviors in order to increase the likelihood of those behaviors being repeated. For example, if a child with ADHD behaves well in school, the parent could praise them or give them a small reward. This would help the child learn that their desired behavior (doing well in school) results in a positive consequence (praise or a reward), and so they are more likely to continue behaving in that manner.
5. values and norms of the family
The family is the basis of society and its values and norms play a crucial role in shaping the individual’s personality. In every culture, there are certain rules which the family members are expected to follow. These rules constitute the values of that particular culture. Violation of these values leads to social disapproval and sanctions. The norms of the family are specific behaviors which are expected from its members and which help to maintain order and harmony within the family unit.
Some of the values that are important in most families include honesty, respect, responsibility, cooperation, and self-control. Honesty refers to being truthful and not deceiving others. Respect means showing consideration and esteem for others. responsibility entails being accountable for one’s own actions and taking care of oneself and others. Cooperation means working together towards a common goal. self-control refers to managing one’s emotions and impulses in an appropriate way.
Families differ in the specific values and norms that they hold dear. However, there are some values and norms that are universally accepted by families across cultures. These include love, care, trust, and communication. Love refers to feeling affection and concern for others. Care refers to providing physical and emotional support to others. Trust refers to having confidence in others. Communication refers to exchanging information and ideas with others.
The values and norms of the family have a direct impact on the socialization of children. Socialization is the process by which children learn the values and norms of their culture and develop the skills and knowledge necessary for functioning within society. The family is the primary agent of socialization for children, providing them with their first exposure to the values and norms of their culture.
Children learn these values and norms through both direct instruction from their parents (e.g., when parents tell them what is right or wrong) and indirect instruction (e.g., when they observe their parents behaving in a certain way). In addition, children internalize these values and norms as they grow older and begin to adopt them as their own.
6. The socialization of children with ADHD in the family:
The socialization of children with ADHD can be a challenge for families due to the symptoms associated with the disorder. Children with ADHD may have difficulty paying attention, controlling their impulses, or sitting still, which can make it difficult for them to participate in conversations or follow rules at home (Barkley, 2012). In addition, parents may feel overwhelmed by their child’s behavior or frustrated by their inability to control it (Barkley, 2012).
However, it is important for parents to remember that their child is not deliberately misbehaving and that their behavior is a result of their ADHD. With this in mind, parents can take steps to help their child socialize successfully.
One way to do this is by providing structure and routine for your child. Having a set schedule for activities and tasks can help your child know what to expect and feel more secure. In addition, it can be helpful to break down tasks into small, manageable steps so that your child does not feel overwhelmed (Barkley, 2012).
Another way to help your child socialize is by teaching them specific social skills. For example, you can teach your child how to start a conversation, how to ask questions, or how to take turns when speaking (Barkley, 2012). You can also role-play different situations with your child so that they have a chance to practice these skills (Barkley, 2012).
Finally, it is important to provide support and understanding for your child. Let your child know that you love them and accept them regardless of their ADHD. Offer encouragement and praise when they display positive social behaviors. And be patient with them when they make mistakes – everyone learns at their own pace (Barkley, 2012).
7. The role of parents in behavioral parenting training:
Parents play a vital role in behavioral parenting training. They are responsible for providing the therapy to their children and ensuring that it is carried out correctly. In addition, they are responsible for providing support and understanding to their children throughout the process.
The first step in behavioral parenting training is to assess the family’s needs. This assessment will help the therapist develop a treatment plan that is tailored to the specific needs of the family. After the assessment, the therapist will meet with the parents to discuss the treatment plan and what they can do to help their child (Dulcan et al., 2010).
The next step is for the parents to carry out the treatment plan with their child. This may involve teaching their child new skills or changing their own behavior in order to change their child’s behavior. The therapist will provide guidance and support to the parents throughout this process (Dulcan et al., 2010).
Finally, after the treatment plan has been completed, the therapist will meet with the parents again to discuss their progress and what they can do to maintain their child’s new behavior (Dulcan et al., 2010).
8. The advantages and disadvantages of behavioral parenting training:
Behavioral parenting training has a number of advantages. One advantage is that it is a highly effective treatment for ADHD. A meta-analysis of 17 studies found that behavioral parenting training was associated with a significant reduction in ADHD symptoms (Dulcan et al., 2010). Another advantage is that it is a relatively short-term treatment; most families will only need to participate in therapy for a few months before seeing results (Dulcan et al., 2010). Finally, behavioral parenting training has been found to be cost-effective; one study found that it was associated with savings of $3,000 per year per family when compared with other treatments for ADHD (Dulcan et al., 2010).
There are also some disadvantages to behavioral parenting training. One disadvantage is that it requires a significant amount of time and effort from parents. Parents will need