Physiological Psychology: The Study of How the Nervous System Produces Behavior
Psychological – Psychology is a branch of science which deals with the study of neural mechanisms that can be enhanced by behavioral perception. It is also the study of how mental events are produced by physical events in the brain and nervous system. So, physiological psychology definition would be the study of how the nervous system produces behavior.
2. What is physiological psychology?
Physiological psychology is the scientific study of the relationship between psychological processes and the functioning of the nervous system. It encompasses all aspects of how the nervous system affects behavior, including simple reflexes, learning and memory, motivation and emotion. Researchers in this field use a variety of techniques to study the nervous system, including electrophysiology, neuroanatomy, neurochemistry and behavioral experiments.
3. How does the human nervous system work?
The human nervous system is a complex network of nerves and cells that carry information to and from the brain. The central nervous system (CNS) consists of the brain and spinal cord, while the peripheral nervous system (PNS) consists of all the other nerves in the body. Nerves are made up of long fibers called axons that carry electrical impulses from one nerve cell to another. These impulses are generated by chemical reactions in the cell body, or soma.
4. What is the relationship between physiological psychology and behavior?
Behavior is controlled by the activity of nerve cells in the brain and nervous system. Physiological psychologists investigate how these cells work together to produce specific behaviors. For example, they might study how different areas of the brain control movement or how chemicals in the brain affect mood or memory. By understanding how behavior is related to activity in the nervous system, researchers can develop treatments for disorders such as Parkinson’s disease, depression and Alzheimer’s disease.
5. How do experts study physiological psychology?
Physiological psychologists use a variety of research methods to study the relationship between psychological processes and the functioning of the nervous system. These methods include electrophysiology, neuroanatomy, neurochemistry and behavioral experiments. Electrophysiology is a technique that uses electrodes to record electrical activity in the brain. Neuroanatomy is the study of the structure of nerve cells and their connections in the brain. Neurochemistry is the study of how chemicals affect nerve cells and behavior. Behavioral experiments involve observing and measuring behavior in animals or humans.
6. What are some interesting findings in physiological psychology?
Recent research has found that memories are stored in networks of nerve cells in the brain. These networks are composed of neurons that are connected to each other by synapses. When a memory is formed, new synapses are created between neurons or existing synapses are strengthened. This process is known as synaptic plasticity. Research has also shown that memories can be modulated by chemicals such as hormones and neurotransmitters. For example, adrenaline can enhance memory by increasing synaptic plasticity.
Physiological psychology is a branch of science that investigates the relationship between psychological processes and the functioning of the nervous system. This field of study uses a variety of research methods to understand how the nervous system produces behavior. Recent research findings have shed new light on how memories are stored in the brain and how they can be modulated by chemicals in the body.