Partitioning a House: A Step-by-Step Guide
The art of partitioning a house does not increase the actual area of the floor, but it subdivides the house in more appropriate proportions to provide extra rooms. The most important prerequisite for good partitioning is an accurate plan. The following instructions are based on the assumption that the new partitions will be erected against existing walls which are strong enough to carry the additional load.
2. Partitioning a House:
– Door frames
– Tape measure
– Margin trowel 0.5m x 1m piece of hardboard or similar (to use as a template when marking out bricks) -Spirit level -Bricklaying line -StringlineLevel -Tape measure -Pencil -Saw -Hammer -ChiselPlasterboard screws or nailsFixing adhesiveComponents for door frame (if required)Skirting boardMouldings or architrave (if required)Door stopBattenHingesLatch or lock (if required)Knob or handle (if required)ScrewdriverPaint or varnish (for finishes)1. planningBefore starting work, it is essential to have a clear idea of what is required and to make sure that the proposed partitions will not have a detrimental effect on the stability of any existing walls. It is also necessary to check for any hidden pipes or wires which could be damaged during the construction process. Once these considerations have been taken into account, the next step is to prepare a scale drawing of the existing layout, showing all doors, windows and other features which will need to be accommodated in the new partitions. This drawing can then be used to produce a series of scaled elevations and floor plans which will form the basis of the construction drawings.2. ConstructionDrawingsOnce the preliminary drawings have been prepared, it is time to start work on the construction drawings. These should show all dimensions, locations of doors and windows, and any other features which need to be taken into account during the construction process. It is also advisable to include a few ‘working drawings’ which show how the various components fit together. These can be very useful when it comes to actually erecting the partitions.3. Erectingthe partitionsThe first step in erecting the partitions is to prepare the foundation footing. This is usually done by excavating a trench to the required depth and width, then backfilling with concrete. Once the concrete has cured, brickwork or blockwork can be built up from this foundation until it reaches floor level. It is important to make sure that the bricks or blocks are properly bonded together as this will help to give the partition wall its strength and rigidity.Once the foundation footing has been prepared, it is time to start laying the bricks or blocks which will form the main body of the partition wall. As with any type of masonry work, it is important to make sure that each course of bricks or blocks is level and square before proceeding to the next course. This can be checked by using a spirit level or a line level. Once the wall has been built up to its full height, the next step is to prepare the plasterboard which will be used to finish off the internal surface.4. Finishingthe partitionsOnce the plasterboard has been prepared, it can be fixed to the partition wall using screws or nails. It is important to make sure that the plasterboard is properly secured as this will help to prevent it from sagging or coming away from the wall. Once the plasterboard has been fixed in place, it can be finished off with a layer of plaster. This can be applied by hand or with a machine. Once the plaster has dried, it can be painted or varnished to provide a finish which is both aesthetically pleasing and durable.
3. Door Hanging:
The first step in door hanging is to prepare the door frame. This can be done by cutting the required pieces of wood to size and then assembling them together using nails or screws. Once the door frame has been prepared, it is time to fit it into the opening in the partition wall. It is important to make sure that the door frame is properly aligned with the opening before fixing it in place. Once the door frame has been fitted, it is time to hang the door itself. This can be done by attaching hinges to the door and then fixing them to the door frame. Once the hinges have been fitted, it is time to fit the door stop and then hang the door. The final step is to fit any hardware which is required, such as a latch or lock.
Partitioning a house is not an easy task but following these instructions will help to ensure that the job is done correctly and safely. Door hanging is also a relatively straightforward process but it is important to make sure that all of the components are properly fitted and aligned before proceeding.