Nuclear Power in India: Pros and Cons

1. Introduction:

Nuclear power is an increasingly attractive option for India as it looks to meet its spiralling energy demands whilst reducing its carbon footprint. Nuclear power plants do not produce greenhouse gases during operation, and so can help India in its fight against climate change. In addition, nuclear power is a relatively cheap source of energy when compared to other options such as renewables. Despite these advantages, there are significant challenges associated with nuclear power in India which must be overcome if the country is to fully realise the potential of this technology. In this essay, the pros and cons of nuclear power in India will be discussed, before looking at the future of the industry in the country.

2. The pros and cons of nuclear power in India:

2.1 The pros of nuclear power in India:
There are several reasons why nuclear power is an attractive option for India. Firstly, as mentioned above, nuclear power plants do not produce greenhouse gases during operation. This is significant because climate change is a major global problem, and India is one of the world’s largest emitters of greenhouse gases. Switching to nuclear power would help the country to reduce its carbon footprint and play a part in tackling climate change. Secondly, nuclear power is a relatively cheap source of energy when compared to other options such as renewables. This is important for a developing country like India which needs to provide affordable energy to its citizens whilst also investing in other areas such as infrastructure and education. Thirdly, nuclear power is a reliable source of energy which is not susceptible to fluctuations in weather conditions like wind and solar power. This is vital for a country like India which experiences extreme weather conditions and needs a dependable supply of electricity to maintain economic growth and social stability.

2. 2 The cons of nuclear power in India:

Despite the advantages of nuclear power, there are also several disadvantages which must be considered. Firstly, nuclear accidents can have catastrophic consequences and can cause large-scale loss of life and damage to the environment. The Fukushima disaster in Japan is a reminder of the potential risks associated with nuclear power, and this has made many people hesitant about supporting its expansion in India. Secondly, the cost of building new nuclear power plants can be prohibitively expensive, particularly for a developing country like India which does not have the same level of financial resources as developed countries. Thirdly, storing and disposing of radioactive waste from nuclear reactors is a major challenge. This waste can remain radioactive for thousands of years and so must be carefully managed to ensure it does not pose a risk to human health or the environment.

3. The future of nuclear power in India:
3.1 Increase in nuclear power plants:

Despite the challenges associated with nuclear power, the Indian government has ambitious plans to increase the share of electricity generated from this source in the coming years. It is hoped that by 2030, around 25% свернуть

FAQ

The main arguments for nuclear power in India are that it is a clean source of energy, it is cost-effective, and it would help reduce India's dependence on imported fossil fuels. The main arguments against nuclear power in India are safety concerns, the risk of nuclear proliferation, and the high cost of building nuclear power plants.

The Indian government has been supportive of nuclear power development, but has faced obstacles such as funding constraints, public opposition, and delays in obtaining approvals from international agencies.

Nuclear power currently accounts for about 3% of India's electricity generation capacity, and the government has ambitious plans to increase this to 22% by 2035. However, these plans face significant challenges, including a lack of trained personnel, limited domestic uranium resources, and public opposition.