Managing Risk in US International Business in Ghana

1. Introduction

Managing risk in US international business in Ghana can be a challenge due to the country’s political instability, distance and communication difficulties, and risks posed by the currency and exchange rates. Additionally, legal and ethical differences can present problems for businesses operating in Ghana. However, by understanding these risks and taking precautions, companies can successfully operate in Ghana.

2. Political instability in Ghana

Ghana has a history of political instability, which has led to violence and economic disruption. In recent years, there have been several coups d’état attempt as well as election-related violence. This political instability can present a risk to businesses operating in Ghana. Companies may find it difficult to continue operations during periods of unrest, and they may also suffer damage to their property or employees. To mitigate this risk, companies should have contingency plans in place in case of political instability. They should also monitor the situation closely and be prepared to evacuate employees or close operations if necessary.

3. Distance and communication

Ghana is located in West Africa, which can make communication and transportation difficult and expensive. This can be a problem for companies that need to ship products or communicate with employees in Ghana. To overcome these challenges, companies should consider using satellite phones or other forms of communication that are not dependent on the internet or phone lines. They should also allow for extra time when shipping products to Ghana to account for potential delays.

4. Risks posed by the currency and exchange rates

The currency in Ghana is the cedi, which has historically been unstable. This can pose a risk to companies doing business in Ghana since they may lose money if the cedi devalues against the US dollar or other currencies. To mitigate this risk, companies should convert their money into US dollars or other stable currencies before doing business in Ghana. They should also keep track of exchange rates so they can adjust their prices accordingly.

5. Differences in legal systems

Ghana has a different legal system than the United States, which can present challenges for businesses operating in the country. For example, contracts may not be enforced in the same way as they would be in the United States. Additionally, businesses may be required to pay bribes or “gifts” to government officials to obtain permits or licenses. To avoid these problems, companies should research the legal system in Ghana before doing business there. They should also hire lawyers who are familiar with both legal systems to help them navigate any differences.

6. Corruption and ethical differences

Corruption is widespread in Ghana, which can pose ethical challenges for businesses operating in the country. For example, companies may be asked to pay bribes to government officials or expected to give gifts in order to secure contracts or approvals. Additionally, businesses may encounter corrupt practices such as kickbacks or embezzlement. To avoid these problems, companies should have strict ethical policies in place that prohibit bribery and other forms of corruption. They should also train their employees on these policies and how to identify and report any corrupt practices they witness.

7Conclusion Managing risk in US international businessin Ghana can be challenging but by understanding the country’s political instability, distance and communication difficulties, risks posed by currencyand exchange rates and legaland ethical differences companiescan successfully operatein Ghana


Some of the risks associated with doing business in Ghana include corruption, crime, and political instability.

US businesses can effectively manage these risks by doing research on the country and its business environment, establishing strong relationships with local partners, and having a comprehensive risk management plan.

Some potential opportunities that exist for US businesses in Ghana despite the challenges posed by risk management include the country's large population and growing economy.