Luther as an Apocalypse Angel

1. Luther as an apocalypse angel

During the sixteenth century, many people in Europe were expecting the end of the world. This sense of impending doom was especially strong in Germany, where a new religious movement called the Reformation was sweeping the country. One of the leaders of this movement was a man named Martin Luther.

Luther was born in 1483 in Eisleben, Germany. He studied at the University of Erfurt and became a monk in 1505. In 1517, he wrote95 theses criticizing the Catholic Church, and this act began the Reformation. Luther quickly gained a following, and his movement spread throughout Germany. By 1524, there were over one thousand Lutheran churches in Germany.

Luther became known for his fiery speeches and writings. He was also known for his radical ideas, which included challenging the authority of the Pope and the Catholic Church. These ideas made him very popular with the German people, who were looking for change.

Many Germans came to see Luther as a kind of savior, and they began to call him “the Apocalypse Angel.” This was because they believed that he would lead them to salvation when the world ended.

2. Luther’s identification as an angel

There are several reasons why Lutherans might have identified Luther as an apocalypse angel. First of all, Luther was from Wittenberg, which was known as “the city of angels.” This name likely came from the fact that Wittenberg was home to a large number of monasteries and churches. It is also possible that the name was given to Wittenberg because it was the site of many miracles.

In 1517, a man named Bugenhagen had a vision in which he saw an angel holding a cross. This angel told Bugenhagen to go to Wittenberg and preach the gospel there. Bugenhagen took this vision seriously, and he went to Wittenberg to find Luther.

When Bugenhagen arrived in Wittenberg, he found that Luther was already preaching about salvation through faith in Jesus Christ. Bugenhagen believed that Luther was the angel from his vision, and he began to spread this belief throughout Germany. As a result, many Germans came to see Luther as an apocalyptic figure who would save them from their sins and from the end of the world.

3. Roles that souls played in apocalyptic expectations

As we have seen, many Germans believed that Luther would lead them to salvation when the world ended. But what did they think would happen to their souls after they died?

Most Christians at this time believed in purgatory, which is a place where souls are cleansed of their sins before they can enter heaven. Purgatory was believed to be a place of great suffering, and many people were afraid of going there after they died.

The idea of purgatory was especially difficult for poor people, who could not afford to pay for Masses or other rituals that were thought to shorten their time in purgatory. As a result, many poor people sold their possessions in order to pay for these things. Others turned to crime in order to get money for purgatory-related expenses.

Luther rejected the idea of purgatory, and he taught that souls go directly to heaven or hell after they die. This teaching was very popular with the German people, who were tired of paying for things that they thought would help their loved ones in purgatory.

Luther also taught that everyone has a soul, and that these souls will be judged by God after they die. He believed that the soul is the part of a person that lives on after death, and that it will be judged according to its deeds on earth.

Luther’s teaching on the soul was based on his interpretation of the Bible. He believed that the Bible is the only authority on matters of faith, and he used it to support his beliefs about the soul.

4. Conclusion

In this paper, we have explained the reasons that made Lutherans identify Luther as an angel and give roles that souls played in apocalyptic expectations. Luther’s ideas about the end of the world and the afterlife were very popular with the German people, who were looking for change during the Reformation.


Martin Luther was a German theologian, an Augustinian monk, and the father of the Protestant Reformation.

Luther believed that the Apocalypse was a book about the end times and that it was not to be taken literally.

Luther's beliefs about the Apocalypse influenced his actions during the Reformation because he saw it as a time when people needed to be prepared for Christ's return.

Some people were drawn to Luther's message because they felt that he offered a more realistic view of the end times than other reformers such as Calvin and Zwingli. Others were repelled by his message because they felt that it was too pessimistic and did not offer hope for the future.

Luther's views on the Apocalypse were more pessimistic than those of other reformers such as Calvin and Zwingli, but he still believed that Christ would ultimately triumph over evil.

It is difficult to say whether Luther's beliefs about the end times shaped how he interpreted Scripture or vice versa.