The Replacement of the Heads in the Constantine IX Mosaic: Financial Reasons

2 pages | 420 words

The essay discusses the possible reasons for why the heads of Constantine IX, Zoe, and Christ were replaced in a mosaic at St. Sophia. The most convincing explanation given is that it was likely done for financial reasons, as Constantine IX Monomachos was not a particularly wealthy emperor and restoration work was needed at Hagia Sophia.