Introduction to APA style
1. Introduction to APA style
The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA) is a comprehensive guide to APA referencing style. It provides guidelines for writing with clarity and conciseness, and offers aid for structuring papers in a way that is easy to read and understand. The manual also includes instructions on how to format references, footnotes, tables, figures, and appendixes.
2. How to format a paper in APA style
There are a few general guidelines to follow when formatting a paper in APA style:
– Use 12 pt. Times New Roman font
– Use double spacing throughout the paper, including the reference list
– Include a page header at the top of every page
– Include page numbers in the page header
– Indent the first line of every paragraph
– Use headings and subheadings to organize the paper
– Include an abstract on a separate page before the main body of the paper
– Be sure to proofread and edit your paper before submitting it!
3. How to cite sources in APA style
In order to give credit to the sources you have used in your paper, you will need to cite them both in the text and in the reference list. All sources cited in the text must be included in the reference list, and all sources listed in the reference list must be cited somewhere in the text. Basic information about each source (e.g., author, title, date) should be included in both the text citation and the reference list entry. In cases where additional information is needed (e.g., page numbers), this will be specified in the parentheses following the citation. Here are some examples:
Text citation: According to Jones (2001), “APA style is easy to use” (p. 3). OR APA style is “easy to use” (Jones, 2001, p. 3). Reference list entry: Jones, J. (2001). The ins and outs of APA style. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Eastern Psychological Association, Boston, MA. For more information on how to cite specific types of sources (e.g., books, articles, websites), consult Chapter 6 of the Publication Manual or visit the APA website (www.apastyle.org).
4. How to create footnotes and endnotes in APA style Footnotes and endnotes are often used to provide additional information about a source or to offer comments on certain points made in the text. Footnotes appear at the bottom of each page, while endnotes appear at the end of the paper on their own separate page(s). All footnotes and endnotes must be numbered consecutively throughout the paper, and each one must correspond to a superscript number appearing in the text itself. Here is an example of how a footnote would appear: Accordingto Jones (2001), “APA style is easy to use”1. OR APA style is “easy to use”2. 1 Jones, J. (2001). The ins and outs of APA style. Paper presented at 2 Ibid.
5. How to create tables and figures in APA style
Tables and figures can be used to present data or to provide visual representations of certain concepts. All tables and figures must be numbered consecutively throughout the paper. Each table and figure must also have a caption that explains what it is and how it relates to the rest of the paper. Captions for tables appear above the table, while captions for figures appear below the figure. Here is an example of how a table and a figure would appear:
Percentage of respondents who reported using APA style
Groups % Who Reported Using APA Style
Females 65% Figure 1.
A graph showing the percentage of respondents who reported using APA style
6. How to format appendixes in APA style Appendixes are often used to provide additional information that is not essential to the main body of the paper but may be helpful for the reader. Appendixes are usually included at the end of the paper, before the reference list. All appendixes must be lettered consecutively (e.g., Appendix A, Appendix B, etc.), and each one must have a title that explains what it is and how it relates to the rest of the paper. Here is an example of how an appendix would appear:
Appendix A: Questionnaire Used in Study Below is the questionnaire used in our study on APA style preferences. Questions are followed by response categories (in parentheses). Respondents were asked to select the response category that best described their preference. 1. How easy is APA style to use? (Very easy, Easy, Somewhat easy, Difficult, Very difficult) 2. How often do you use APA style? (Always, Almost always, Occasionally, Rarely, Never) 3. How satisfied are you with APA style? (Very satisfied, Satisfied, Neither satisfied nor dissatisfied, Dissatisfied, Very dissatisfied) 4. Would you recommend APA style to others? (Yes, No) Thank you for your time!