Guernica: A Paradigm of Modern Art

1. Introduction

In his book “Guernica: A Paradigm of Modern Art,” Anthony van Hensbergen tries to show his attitude to the representatives of modern art and this work in particular. He is not always successful in this, but his opinion is still interesting.

2. What Is Modern Art?

Modern art is often difficult to understand. The problems of modernity, which it reflects, are complex and often unresolved. Therefore, it is not surprising that the question “What is modern art?” has no single answer.

3. Guernica: A Paradigm of Modern Art

Guernica is a paradigmatic work of modern art. It is a mural by Pablo Picasso, painted in response to the bombing of the Basque city of Guernica by fascist troops during the Spanish Civil War.

4. The Picasso Connection

Picasso was not directly involved in the Spanish Civil War, but he had close ties to the country and its people. His painting “Guernica” is a powerful indictment of fascism and a call for international solidarity against it.

5. Van Hensbergen’s Opinion

Van Hensbergen’s opinion of “Guernica” is mixed. On the one hand, he admires Picasso’s skill as a painter and the power of the painting itself. On the other hand, he criticizes Picasso for what he sees as an overly simplified view of history and politics.

6. Conclusion

“Guernica” is a complex and difficult work of art that reflects the complexities of the modern world. It is not easy to understand, but it is possible to appreciate its beauty and power.


The title of Hensbergen's essay is "Guernica: A Paradigm of Modernism."

Hensbergen argues that Guernica is a paradigm of modernism because it is an abstract painting that uses Cubist techniques to depict the chaos and violence of war.

Hensbergen supports his argument by discussing how Picasso was influenced by Cubism and how he used Cubist techniques to create an abstract painting that conveyed the horror of war.

The implications of Hensbergen's argument are that modern art can be used to depict the chaos and violence of war, and that Picasso's Guernica is a prime example of this.