Freud’s View On Human Nature

Freud’s View On Human Nature
Sigmund Freud is one of the most well-known theorists when it comes to discussing human nature. His views on human nature have been a substantial contribution to psychology and have helped shape the way we think about human beings today. In this research paper, we will discuss Freud’s view of human nature and how it has influenced our understanding of ourselves.

Freud believed that human beings are essentially selfish and pleasure-seeking creatures. He believed that our primary motivation in life is to seek pleasure and avoid pain. This motivates us to do things that will make us feel good and avoid things that will make us feel bad. Freud believed that this pleasure principle is what drives our behavior.

However, Freud also believed that we are not always able to act on our pleasure principle. There are times when we need to delay gratification or restrain our impulses in order to achieve some other goal. This is where the concept of sublimation comes in. Sublimation is the process of channeling our impulses into more socially acceptable activities. For example, instead of acting out our aggression by hitting someone, we might sublimate it by playing a sport or listening to aggressive music.

Freud also believed that human beings are essentially egocentric. We tend to see the world from our own perspective and focus on our own needs and wants. This egocentric view of the world can lead to conflict with others as we compete for resources. It can also lead to a lack of empathy for others as we struggle to understand their perspective.

Finally, Freud believed that culture plays a role in shaping our behavior. He believed that culture provides us with guidelines for how we should behave. These guidelines are known as morality. Morality helps us to control our impulses and behave in ways that are acceptable to society. Without morality, Freud believed that we would be nothing more than animals driven by our pleasure principle.

Freud’s views on human nature have been both influential and controversial. His theory has helped us to understand ourselves and our behavior in new ways. However, it has also been critiqued for its view of humans as being selfish and egocentric creatures. Regardless of the criticisms, Freud’s theory remains one of the most important contributions to our understanding of human nature.


Freud was inspired to develop his theory on human nature based on his observations of patients with mental disorders. He noticed that many of his patients had similar symptoms and behaviors, which led him to believe that there were underlying psychological causes for their condition.

Freud's view of human nature differed from other thinkers at the time in that he believed that humans are motivated by unconscious desires. He also believed that sexuality plays a key role in human behavior.

The key components of Freud's theory include the id, ego, and superego; the defense mechanisms; and the concept of repression.

Freud explained the role of sexuality in human behavior by saying that it is a fundamental part of our make-up and drives our actions and thoughts, both conscious and unconscious.

Yes, Freud did believe that humans are primarily motivated by unconscious desires. He thought that these desires are often in conflict with our conscious goals and can lead to neurotic or psychotic behavior if they are not properly managed.

Later psychoanalysts built upon Freud's ideas about human nature by developing new theories and concepts, such as object relations theory and ego psychology. They also revised some of Freud's ideas, such as his views on childhood development and the role of sexuality in human behavior.

The implications of Freud's theory for our understanding of ourselves today is that it provides us with a way to understand our own thoughts and behaviors, as well as those of others around us