Equality for All: Racism, Affirmative Action, and Health Care

1. Introduction

All human beings come into the world with different relationships among themselves. Some of these encounters have not been for the good. Instead, they have resulted in oppression. This essay will focus on three areas where humans historically have not had equal treatment: racism, affirmative action, and health care. I will explore how each of these has changed over time and the challenges that still exist in achieving equality in these areas.

2. Racism

Racism has been a part of human interaction since the beginning of time. Early humans grouped themselves together based on physical characteristics such as skin color in order to survive. As time progressed, some groups began to view themselves as superior to others and used their power to oppress those they viewed as inferior. This led to a long history of discrimination and violence against minority groups, which continues to this day in many parts of the world. In recent years, there has been a renewed effort to combat racism through education and awareness-raising campaigns. Although racism still exists, it has become less socially acceptable and is slowly being eradicated.

3. Affirmative action

Affirmative action is a policy that aims to correct past discrimination by providing preferential treatment to groups that have been historically oppressed. This can take the form of hiring quotas, scholarships, or other programs designed to increase the representation of minority groups in an organization or institution. Affirmative action was first introduced in the United States in the 1960s as a way to level the playing field for minorities in education and employment. The policy has been controversial from its inception, with opponents arguing that it amounts to reverse discrimination. Despite this opposition, affirmative action programs have helped to increase diversity in many institutions and organizations.

4. Health care

Health care is a basic human need and yet, around the world, there are vast disparities in access to quality care. In developed countries, people have generally good access to essential health services, while in developing countries, many people do not have access to even the most basic health care services. This disparity is often due to economic factors; poor people simply cannot afford to pay for health care. In some cases, lack of access to health care can lead to death. For example, pregnant women who do not have access to prenatal care are more likely to die during childbirth than women who do have access to care. There is a growing recognition of the importance of universal health care, which would provide all people with access to essential health services regardless of their ability to pay. However, achieving universal health care is a complex undertaking that requires political will and financial resources.

In conclusion, racism, affirmative action, and health care are three areas where humans have not always been treated equally. Although progress has been made in each of these areas, much work still needs to be done in order achieve true equality for all people regardless of race, ethnicity, or socioeconomic status


Racism can negatively impact psychological development by causing stress and anxiety. It can also lead to feelings of inferiority and low self-esteem.

Affirmative action can positively impact psychological development by increasing opportunities for people of color. It can also help to reduce the effects of racism on psychological development.

Healthcare access can positively impact psychological development by providing mental health services and support. It can also help to reduce the effects of stress and anxiety on psychological development.