“En Dos Tiempos”: A Political Reading

1. Introduction

Gabriel Albiac is a contemporary Spanish philosopher and essayist. His work often deals with historical and political topics, as well as questions of identity. In "En Dos Tiempos", Albiac looks at the recent history of Spain, starting with the death of Franco and ending with the current refugee crisis. Along the way, he offers a critical assessment of some of the key events in this period.

2. The Historical Context

The essay begins with a brief overview of Franco's dictatorship and the transition to democracy that followed his death in 1975. This was a period marked by political violence, with attacks from both the far-left and the far-right. Albiac describes how, in 1977, the newly elected government passed a series of amnesty laws that granted immunity to those who had committed political crimes during the Franco years. This caused outrage among many who felt that justice had not been done.

The next section looks at the years since democracy was established in Spain. Albiac discusses how, despite some successes, there have also been a number of failures. He criticises the way that the country has been run by what he sees as an "oligarchy", and he argues that this has led to corruption and unequal treatment for different regions within Spain. He also highlights some of the problems that have arisen from devolution, such as the Basque Country and Catalonia becoming increasingly autonomous while other regions remain underdeveloped.

The essay then turns to the present day, and specifically to the issue of refugees. Albiac discusses how Spain has responded to the influx of refugees from Africa and the Middle East, and he argues that the country has not done enough to help them. He criticises the government for its lack of action, and he calls on Spaniards to do more to welcome refugees into their country.

3. A Political Reading

Albiac's essay can be seen as a political writing in several ways. First, it is clear that he is deeply concerned about the state of Spanish politics, and he is critical of many of the decisions that have been made by successive governments. Second, he is clearly very passionate about ensuring that justice is done for all Spaniards, regardless of their background or region. And third, he is clearly committed to promoting a more welcoming attitude towards refugees and other migrants.

4. Conclusion

In conclusion, "En Dos Tiempos" provides a fascinating insight into Gabriel Albiac's view of Spanish history and politics. It is clear that he is deeply concerned about many of the issues facing Spain today, and his essay provides a thought-provoking analysis of some of the key events in recent years.


"En Dos Tiempos" by Gabriel Albiac has implications for politics in terms of the way that time is experienced. The author argues that there are two ways of experiencing time – through history and through the present moment. This has implications for how we understand political events, as well as how we make decisions about the future.

This work contributes to our understanding of politics by providing a new perspective on the way that time is experienced. It also highlights the importance of considering both history and the present moment when making decisions about the future.

The potential applications of this reading include using it to better understand political events and to make more informed decisions about the future.

Further research is needed in order to fully understand the significance of this text, including how it can be applied in real-world situations.