A Comparison of “Utopia” by Tomas More and “1984” by George Orwell

1. Introduction

Two very different, yet similar, books were written during two different times; “Utopia” by Tomas More and “1984” by George Orwell. Although they are both based on the idea of a non-existing world, they have many differences between them. In this essay, I will be discussing how these two books differ and what they reveal about the authors' ideas about the ideal society.

2. “Utopia” by Tomas More

2.1. The island of Utopia

The book “Utopia” is set on an island in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean. The island is divided into fifty-four cities, each with about six thousand families. There is also a rural area with about the same number of families. The island is ten miles wide and two hundred miles long.

2. 2. The way of life in Utopia

In Utopia, everyone has to work six hours a day, except for children under the age of fifteen and the elderly over the age of sixty. They also have a five-day work week. All citizens are given a place to live and food to eat by their government. There is no private property in Utopia; everything is owned by the community as a whole.

marriage is not seen as a religious institution, but rather as a civil one. Couples can divorce if they feel like they are incompatible and they are not allowed to remarry unless their previous spouse has died. There are no laws against adultery, but it is considered to be immoral.

2. 3. The society and government of Utopia

In Utopia, there is no poverty or crime because everyone has what they need and there is no such thing as private property or wealth. Everyone is treated equally and there is no discrimination based on social class or race. The government of Utopia is run by a group ofphilosopher-kings who are wise and intelligent men that have been chosen by the people to make decisions for them.

3. “1984” by George Orwell

3.1. The world of 1984

The book “1984” is set in a dystopian world where there is severe government control over everything. The government, known as The Party, controls everything including what people can think and say. They do this through a system known as "newspeak" which eliminates any words that could lead to rebellion or thinking that is not allowed by The Party. People are also constantly watched through telescreens that are located everywhere.

3. 2. The way of life in 1984

In 1984, people live in a world where they are constantly being watched and controlled by the government. They are not allowed to think for themselves or have any individuality. Everyone must follow the strict rules set by The Party or they will be punished. People are also divided into three different social classes known as the Inner Party, the Outer Party, and the Proles. The Inner Party is the ruling class that consists of only about two percent of the population. The Outer Party consists of government officials and other people who work for The Party. They make up fourteen percent of the population. The Proles make up eighty-four percent of the population and they are the working class. They are not as closely watched as the other two classes and are allowed to have more freedom.

3. 3. The society and government of 1984

In 1984, the government controls everything and there is no such thing as freedom or individuality. The Party controls what people can think and say through a system of thought control known as "newspeak". They also use telescreens to watch people and make sure that they are following the rules. People are divided into three different social classes known as the Inner Party, the Outer Party, and the Proles. The Inner Party is the ruling class that consists of only about two percent of the population. The Outer Party consists of government officials and other people who work for The Party. They make up fourteen percent of the population. The Proles make up eighty-four percent of the population and they are the working class. They are not as closely watched as the other two classes and are allowed to have more freedom.

4. Conclusion

In conclusion, these two books reveal different ideas about what the ideal society should be like. “Utopia” by Tomas More shows us a society that is based on equality, communal ownership, and a lack of poverty or crime. “1984” by George Orwell shows us a society that is controlled by a tyrannical government that does not allow people to think for themselves or have any individual freedom.

FAQ

The main difference between "Utopia" and "1984" is that in "Utopia", everyone is happy and content with their lives, while in "1984", the government controls everything and the people are not allowed to be happy.

I would rather live in Utopia because it seems like a more enjoyable place to live.

Utopia functions by having everyone be equal and working together for the common good, while 1984 functions by having the government control everything and the people being oppressed.

In Utopia, everyone is equal and works together, while in 1984, the government controls everything.

The role of government in Utopia is to help everyone be equal and work together, while the role of government in 1984 is to control everything and keep the people oppressed.

Some similarities between the two worlds are that they both have a lot of control over the people and both seem to be very strict societies.

My perception of these worlds has changed after reading/watching them because I now see how different they really are from each other.