A Comparison of Political Types in Melanesia and Polynesia

Introduction:

The purpose of this essay is to critically compare and contrast the political types in Melanesia and Polynesia. In order to do this, we will first briefly review the different types of political organizations found in these two region. We will then focus on the two most prominent types found in each region: the big man in Melanesia and the big woman in Polynesia. Finally, we will compare and contrast the chieftainship styles in both regions.

Melanesian vs. Polynesian Types:

There are four main types of political organizations found in Melanesia: chieftainships, Big Man systems, Acehnese Sultanates, and Indonesian principalities. In contrast, there are three main types of political organizations found in Polynesia: chiefdoms, pettychiefdoms, and village communities.

The main difference between these two types of political organizations is that chieftainships are more complex and have a higher level of stratification than village communities. In addition, chieftainships are typically led by a single leader ( known as a Big Man), while village communities are typically led by a group of leaders (known as a council).

The Big Man in Melanesia:

The Big Man is the most common type of leader found in Melanesia. He is typically a wealthy man who has amassed a large following through his ability to give gifts and supplies to his followers. The Big Man’s main goal is to increase his own prestige and status within his community. In order to do this, he often engages incompetitive giving contests with other Big Men. The winner of these contests is usually the one who gives the most gifts or supplies to his followers.

Big Man leadership style is characterized by its openness to new followers, its emphasis on personal relationships between leader and follower, and its focus on giving gifts and supplies to followers. This type of leadership is often seen as being more democratic than other types of leadership, because it allows new people to join the group and because it emphasizes personal relationships between leader and follower.

The Big Woman in Polynesia:

The Big Woman is the most common type of leader found in Polynesia. She is typically a wealthy woman who has amassed a large following through her ability to give gifts and supplies to her followers. The Big Woman’s main goal is to increase her own prestige and status within her community. In order to do this, she often engages in competitive giving contests with other Big Women. The winner of these contests is usually the one who gives the most gifts or supplies to her followers.

Big Woman leadership style is characterized by its openness to new followers, its emphasis on personal relationships between leader and follower, and its focus on giving gifts and supplies to followers. This type of leadership is often seen as being more democratic than other types of leadership, because it allows new people to join the group and because it emphasizes personal relationships between leader and follower.

Chieftainship in Polynesia:

Chieftainship is the most common type of political organization found in Polynesia. It is typically led by a single leader (known as a chief) who has amassed a large following through his ability to give gifts and supplies to his followers. The chief’s main goal is to increase his own prestige and status within his community. In order to do this, he often engages in competitive giving contests with other chiefs. The winner of these contests is usually the one who gives the most gifts or supplies to his followers.

Chieftainship leadership style is characterized by its openness to new followers, its emphasis on personal relationships between leader and follower, and its focus on giving gifts and supplies to followers. This type of leadership is often seen as being more democratic than other types of leadership, because it allows new people to join the group and because it emphasizes personal relationships between leader and follower.

Conclusion:

In conclusion, there are several key differences between the political types in Melanesia and Polynesia. Melanesia is typically home to more complex and stratified political organizations, while Polynesia is typically home to more simple and egalitarian political organizations. In addition, Melanesia is typically led by a Big Man, while Polynesia is typically led by a Big Woman. Finally, chieftainship is more common in Polynesia than it is in Melanesia.

FAQ

The main difference between political types in Melanesia and Polynesia is that Melanesian politics is based on kinship while Polynesian politics is based on rank.

The main characteristics of each type are that Melanesian politics emphasizes family ties and relationships while Polynesian politics emphasizes social status and hierarchy.

The benefits of each type are that Melanesian politics promotes social cohesion and stability while Polynesian politics promotes efficiency and order.

The most prevalent type in each region is the one that best suits the needs of the people in that region. In Melanesia, kinship-based politics is most common because it helps to maintain social harmony. In Polynesia, rank-based politics is most common because it helps to maintain efficient governance.

I think this is the case because each type of political system has its own advantages and disadvantages, and the people in each region have different priorities when it comes to their government