1. Locke’s View of the Individual 2. The Purpose of Government 3. The Role of Law
1. Locke’s View of the Individual
According to Locke, each person has the state of perfect freedom, which is not the privilege of the few but the opportunity for everyone. In other words, each individual has certain inalienable rights, such as life, liberty, and estate (property), which must be respected by any government that claims legitimacy. The role of government is to protect those rights, not to interfere with them or take them away.
2. The Purpose of Government
The purpose of government, according to Locke, is to protect the natural rights of its citizens. It is not to promote the happiness or welfare of its citizens per se, but rather to ensure that they can pursue happiness and welfare as they see fit, without interference from others. The government does this by creating and enforcing laws that protect individual rights.
3. The Role of Law
According to Locke, the role of law is to protect the natural rights of individuals, not to promote the happiness or welfare of society as a whole. Laws should be created and enforced in such a way that they do not interfere with the individual’s right to life, liberty, and property. In other words, the government should not use its power to take away or restrict these rights in any way.
In conclusion, Locke’s view of the individual and the purpose of government is that each person has certain inalienable rights that must be respected by the government. The role of law is to protect those rights, not to promote the happiness or welfare of society as a whole.